Feature: This Day in Business History

September 23

2002 The first public version of the web browser Mozilla Firefox (“Phoenix 0.1”) is released.

1974 The world’s first teletext service began with BBC’s Ceefax.

1962 ABC’s 1st color TV series-Jetsons is broadcast.

1933 Standard Oil geologists arrive in Saudi Arabia.


September 24

2007 United Auto Workers go on strike at GM plants

1998 EBay Inc. goes public on NASDAQ

1998 Redesigned $20 bills go into circulation

1976 Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst is sentenced to seven years in prison for her part in a 1974 bank robbery

1924 Boston opens its airport

1896 Financiers Jay Gould and James Fisk attempt to corner gold market, sending Wall Street into panic


September 25

2003 Franco Modigliani, an Italian economist and Nobel Prize laureate died.

1972 The first issue of Money magazine appears on newsstands.

1952 TAT-1, the first submarine transatlantic telephone cable is inaugurated.

1639 1st printing press in America.


September 26

1995 “George” magazine premieres, published by John F Kennedy Jr.

1990 Motion Picture Association of America creates new NC-17 rating

1890 U.S. stops minting $1 and $3 gold coin and 3 cent piece

1680 Tax revolt in Gorinchem due to tax on cereal


September 27

1989 Sony purchases Columbia Pictures for $3.4 billion

1988 Senate votes for major federal tax code changes

1985 Philip Morris agrees to buy General Foods for $5.75 billion

1936 Netherlands leaves Gold Standard

1892 Book matches are patented by Diamond Match Company

1825 First public railway service begins (Stockton and Darlington Railway)


September 28

2005 U.S. Treasury unveils new $10 bill

1987 14 days before market drops by 23%, the cover of Fortune magazine reads, “Are Stocks too High?”

1956 RCA Records reports Elvis Presley sold over 10 million records


September 29

2008 Following the bankruptcies of Lehman Brothers and Washington Mutual, The Dow Jones Industrial Average falls 777.68 points, the largest single-day point loss in its history.

1996 The Nintendo 64 gaming console was released in North America.

1966 The Chevrolet Camaro, originally named Panther, is introduced.

1952 The New York Stock Exchange changes its trading hours; from now on, the market will close at 3:30 p.m. Monday through Friday, instead of 3 p.m., and it will no longer be open at all on Saturday.

1950 Tests were carried out on the first automatic telephone answering machine, by the Bell Telephone Company in the US.

1913 Inventor Rudolf Diesel vanishes


September 30

2005 Michael Eisner resigns as the CEO of the Walt Disney Company

2004 Merck & Co. pulls Vioxx from the market after a study finds it doubled the risk of heart attacks and strokes

1997 Microsoft Corp releases Internet Explorer 4.0

1988 IBM announces shipment of 3 millionth PS/2 personal computer

1987 Keith Best, the British MP, is sentenced to four months’ imprisonment and a fine of £3000 for trying to obtain British Telecom shares by deception

1982 National railroad strike in Belgium

1958 The S&P 500 closes above 50 for the first time, finishing the day at 50.06

1841 Samuel Slocum patents the stapler


October 1

2008 A $700 billion financial industry bailout wins lopsided passage in the Senate, 74-25

1971 Disney World opens in Orlando

1908 Henry Ford introduces the Model T

1880 The Edison Lamp Works began operations in New Jersey to manufacture the first electric light bulbs

1792 Money orders are first issued in Britain


October 2

2000 AT&T Corp. announces that it will break itself up into four separate businesses: broadband, wireless, business services, and consumer services.

1990 The Japanese stock market has its best day yet on record, as the Nikkei 225 index skyrockets 2,676.55 points, or 13.2%, to close at 22,849.39.

1976 More than 184 years after stock trading began on Wall Street, Alice Jarcho becomes the first woman ever to work regularly on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange.

1955 William H. Gates III, co-founder of Microsoft, is born in Seattle to attorney William H. Gates II and schoolteacher Mary Gates.

1929 On Black Tuesday the Dow Jones Industrial Average plunges 30.57 points to 230.07, an 11.7% collapse, but at one point during the day the Dow is down 48.31, or 18.5%.


October 3

2011 Sprint Nextel reportedly pays $20 billion for the exclusive rights to Apple’s next mobile cell phone

2008 President George W. Bush signs the 700 billion dollar TARP program into law

1978 Gold hits record $223.50 an ounce in London

1951 The “Shot Heard ‘Round the World”, one of the greatest moments in Major League Baseball history, occurs when the New York Giants’ Bobby Thomson hits a game winning home run in the bottom of the ninth inning off of the Brooklyn Dodgers pitcher Ralph Branca, to win the National League pennant after being down 14 games.

1949 WERD, the 1st black-owned radio station in the United States, opens in Atlanta, Georgia.


October 4

2006 Dow closes above 11,800 for the first time

1996 S&P 500 closes above 700 for the first time (701.46)

1988 Pillsbury stock jumps from $18.37 to $57.37 on takeover bid

1976 British Rail begins its new 125mph Intercity ‘High Speed Train’ service

1957 Space Age begins as Soviets launch Sputnik, world’s first orbiting satellite

1911 1st public elevator goes into operation


October 5

1993 Daimler-Benz becomes the first German company to be listed on the New York Stock Exchange.

1992 U.S. Air goes on strike

1982 Sony began marketing two-inch flat television screen pocket sets.

1970 PBS becomes a network

1936 The Jarrow march began in which unemployed shipyard workers delivering a petition with over 11,500 signatures to the Government in London.

1930 Blimp crashes in France


October 6

2008 Dow Jones closes below 10,000 for the first time since 2004

1982 Sony begins marketing two-inch flat television screen pocket sets

1880 Alonzo T Cross patents his stylographic pen, the earliest ‘ball pen’

1866 First U.S. train robbery ($10,000)


October 7

2008 Federal Reserve announces plan to buy massive amounts of short-term debt, known as commercial paper, to get credit markets moving again

1806 Carbon paper is patented by Ralph Wedgewood of London

1765 The Stamp Act Congress convenes in NY to draw up grievances against England


October 8

2010 Japan’s government approves a $60 billion economic stimulus package

1993 U.N. lifts remaining economic sanctions against South Africa

1871 The barn behind Patrick O’Leary’s cottage at 137 DeKoven St. bursts into flames and swiftly spreads to engulf almost four square miles in the heart of Chicago, destroying the entire downtown overnight. Real estate prices explode, capital pours into the city, and Chicago is reborn as the “city of the big shoulders,” with skyscrapers of brick and stone.


October 9

1998 Japan’s Nikkei 225 index, formerly the measure of the mightiest stock market in the world, closes at a new low of 12,879.97.

1980 1st consumer use of home banking by computer

1947 1st telephone conversation between a moving car and a plane


October 10

2006 Google buys YouTube.com for $1.6 billion

1995 Robert E. Lucas awarded Nobel Prize in economics

1994 Value of Russian ruble decreases, 3081 rubles per dollar

1973 Vice President Spiro T. Agnew pleaded no contest to one count of federal income tax evasion and resigned his office.

1962 The Self-Employed Individual Retirement Tax Act of 1962 becomes Federal law, creating the Keogh plan, the first retirement account that an individual can control and determine for himself.

1930 Three US airlines merged to form TWA (Transcontinental and Western Airlines).


October 11

2001 The Polaroid Corporation files for federal bankruptcy protection.

1994 Russian ruble decreases to 3,926 rubles per dollar

1990 Oil hits a record $40.42 per barrel

1982 After nearly 17 years of going nowhere, the Dow Jones Industrial Average finally rises above the peak it set in the bull market of the 1960s, closing at 1012.79, its first close ever above the previous record high of 995.15, set on February 9, 1966.

1834 The Boston Stock Exchange is officially born.


October 12

1930 President Herbert Hoover hosts “secret dinner” at the White House with New York Stock Exchange president Richard Whitney

1915 Ford Motor Company manufactures its 1 millionth Model T automobile

1823 Charles Macintosh, inventor of waterproof fabrics, begins selling raincoats

1492 Columbus reaches the New World


October 13

2008 Dow Jones soars 936.42 points – its largest one-day increase – ending eight consecutive days of declines

1992 British government announces plans to close one third of its deep coal mines, putting 31,000 miners out of work

1989 Dow Jones drops 190.58 points

1953 Burglar alarm patented by Samuel Bagno

1792 1st Old Farmer’s Almanac is published


October 14

1996 Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 6000 for the first time

1987 Man flushes 52 gold bars down an airliner toilet after failing to make contact with a fellow smuggler at Kathmandu Airport

1980 IPO boom of the 1980s gets start as Genentech, Inc., goes public at initial offering price of $35.00, closing the day $71.25

1969 British ten shilling note is replaced with seven-sided 50p coin

1884 George Eastman patents photographic film


October 15

2007 Yankees and third baseman Alex Rodriguez agree to 10-year, $275 million contract; most in sports history

2002 ImClone Systems founder Sam Waksal pleads guilty in the company’s insider trading scandal

1969 Bank of America World Headquarters (555 California) dedicated

1878 Thomas Edison founds the Edison Electric Light Co., issuing 3,000 shares of stock at $100 apiece


October 16

1987 338,500,000 shares traded on New York stock exchange (record)

1878 Thomas Alva Edison, backed by J.P. Morgan, establishes the Edison Electric Light Co. to commercialize his month-old incandescent light.

1833 The New York Stock Exchange hikes up its initiation fee for new members to $150 (or more than $3,100 in today’s money).


October 17

1973 OPEC states declare oil embargo

1931 Mobster Al Capone was convicted of income tax evasion and sentenced to 11 years in prison. He was released in 1939.

1929 Radio Corporation of America is formed to control the wireless patents of GE AT&T and Westinghouse.

1902 The first Cadillac was made in Detroit.


October 18

1993 Apple Computer boss John Sculley announces he will become chairman and CEO of tiny wireless outfit, Spectrum Information Technologies, Inc

1968 Stock market soars with rumors of bombing halt in Vietnam

1933 R. Buckminster Fuller tries to patent his Dymaxion Car

1931 President Hoover announces creation of unemployment-relief commission to “cast sunshine into the habitations of despair.”

1922 BBC (British Broadcasting Company) is officially formed

1892 1st commercial long-distance phone line opens (Chicago-NY)

1887 Russia transfers Alaska to the USA for $7,200,000

1648 1st U.S. labor organization forms, Boston Shoemakers


October 19

2006 The Dow Jones industrial average closes above 12,000 for the first time, finishing the day at 12,011.73

1987 ‘Black Monday’ on Wall Street; stocks finish down 22.6%

1985 First Blockbuster store opens in Dallas

1970 BP announces the first oil find in the North Sea

1960 The United States imposes an embargo on exports to Cuba

1872 World’s largest gold nugget (215 kg) found in New South Wales


October 20

1997 U.S. accuses Microsoft of forcing IE browser on computers

1983 IBM-PC DOS Version 2.1 released

1965 Volvo produces last PV

1947 Radio rights for the World Series sell for $475,000

1803 U.S. Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase


October 21

1989 Bertram Lee and Peter Bynoe purchase Denver Nuggets for $65m

1970 Caledonian Airways takes over British United Airways

1879 Thomas Edison perfects carbonized cotton filament light bulb

1824 Portland cement is patented by Joseph Aspdin of Wakefield, Yorkshire


October 22

2009 Microsoft releases Windows 7

1997 Yahoo completes purchase of Four11

1991 General Motors announces 9 month loss of $2.2 billion

1987 First volume of Gutenberg Bible (Genesis-Psalms), sells for $5.39 million, becoming the most expensive printed book ever sold at auction

1938 Chester Carlson demonstrates 1st Xerox copying machine

1907 Ringling Brothers Greatest Show on Earth buys Barnum and Bailey circus


October 23

1997 Dow Jones drops 186.88 pts

1978 CBS raises LP prices to $8.98

1972 Access credit cards introduced in Great Britain

1868 Memberships, or seats are first made saleable by the New York Stock Exchange.

1824 1st steam locomotive is introduced


October 24

2011 The Los Angeles Dodgers professional baseball team files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy

2003 The Concorde makes its final flight

1962 Ross Perot begins Electronic Data Systems, EDS

1929 Black Thursday brings the first taste of the Great Crash.

1867 Bank of California opens doors

1861 Western Union completes the first transcontinental telegraph line


October 25

2001 Microsoft releases Windows XP operating system

2000 AT&T Corp. announces that it will break itself up into 4 separate businesses: broadband, wireless, business services, and consumer services

1990 New York Daily News goes on strike (until March 1991)

1960 Cuba nationalizes all remaining U.S. businesses

1955 Tappan sells 1st microwave oven

1870 Postcards 1st used in U.S.


October 26

1987 Dow Jones drops 156.83 points

1958 PanAm flies 1st transatlantic jet trip – New York to Paris

1954 Chevrolet unveils V-8 engine

1949 Minimum wage increases from 40 cents to 75 cents

1825 Erie Canal opens, connecting Lake Erie and Hudson River


October 27

2006 Last Ford Taurus rolls off the assembly line

1997 Intel Corp buys Digital Equipment for $700 million

1997 Dow Jones tumbles 554.26 points, forcing the market to shut down

1986 ‘Big Bang’ Day in the City of London, brought about by the deregulation of the money market

1955 Argentine peso devalued

1904 First rapid transit subway, the IRT, opens in New York City

1873 Joseph Glidden submits application to U.S. Patent Office for barbed wire

1858 RH Macy and Co opens as a dry goods store in NYC


October 28

1988 Microsoft cofounder Paul Allen gives $10 million to University Washington library

1929 Dow Jones plummets 38.33 pts (13%) to 260.64

1919 Congress enacts Volstead Act, providing for enforcement of Prohibition

1793 Eli Whitney applies for a patent for the cotton gin


October 29

2009 Shell warns its outlook remains uncertain after reporting its quarterly profit fell by 73%

1993 Dow Jones index reaches record 3687.86

1975 world’s largest mining complex opened at Selby, Yorkshire

1969 World’s first communication between computers at separate sites occurs over the ARPANET at UCLA

1942 Alaska highway completed

1929 Black Tuesday – Dow Jones plunges 30.57 points to 230.07


October 30

2011 Australia’s Qantas airlines and its unions are ordered to settle their industrial dispute within 21 days

2000 The last Multics machine is shut down.

1992 Metropolitan Transportation Authority begins installing automated fare collection turnstiles

1991 Mark Sauer becomes CEO of Pittsburgh Pirates


October 31

2010 A substantially large oil field that is estimated to contain between 8 and 15 billion barrels, is discovered off the coast of Brazil

2002 A federal grand jury in Houston, Texas indicts former Enron Corp. chief financial officer Andrew Fastow on 78 counts of wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy and obstruction of justice related to the collapse of his ex-employer.

1957 Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A. opens in Hollywood

1953 TV broadcasting begins in Belgium


November 1

1981 1st class mail is raised from 18 to 20 cents

1979 Federal government loans $1.5 billion to Chrysler

1931 DuPont introduces synthetic rubber

1765 Stamp Act goes into effect

1695 Bank of Scotland founded


November 2

1998 America Online takes over Netscape Communications for $4.2 billion.

1993 Dow Jones hits record 3697.64

1964 CBS purchases 80% of Yankees for $11,200,000, later buys remaining 20%

1955 The Dow Jones Industrial Average breaks through the 5000 barrier for the first time, finishing the day at 5023.55, just nine months after first closing above 4000.

1902 First four-cylinder, gas-powered Locomobile hits the road


November 3

1999 Marc Ostrofsky sells rights to internet address business.com for $7.5 million (purchased for $150,000 in 1996)

1999 NASDAQ Composite Index rises 46.88 points to break the 3000 barrier

1987 After 5 consecutive gains, Dow Jones down 50.56

1964 Philadelphia voters approve $25 million to build a new sports stadium

1952 Clarence Birdseye markets frozen peas

1896 J. H. Hunter patents portable weighing scales

1839 First Opium War between China and Britain breaks out


November 4

1940 Eggs and cake are rationed in Netherlands

1939 First air conditioned automobile exhibited

1929 In an attempt to calm investors, the NYSE decides to open for trading only 3 hrs a day this week

1922 Howard Carter discovers entrance to King Tut’s tomb

1914 Vogue holds 1st model show

1879 First cash register patented by James Ritty in Dayton, Ohio


November 5

2007 Writers Guild of America goes on strike

1935 Parker Brothers began marketing the board game “Monopoly”

1927 Britain’s first automatic traffic lights are installed

1895 George Selden patents gas-powered car

1872 Susan B. Anthony is fined $100 for attempting to vote

1639 1st post office in the colonies is set up in Massachusetts

1492 Christopher Columbus learns of maize (corn) from native Cubans


November 6

2011 In Washington, D.C., thousands protest the proposed Keystone XL pipeline project, which would carry Alberta oil sands crude through six U.S. states to Gulf Coast refineries

2009 U.S. Commerce Department imposes high anti-dumping tariffs up to 99% on imports of Chinese tubular goods

1885 U.S. Mint at Carson City, Nevada directed to close

1862 NY-SF direct telegraphic link forms


November 7

2001 SABENA, the national airline of Belgium, goes bankrupt.

1994 N.Y. Daily News increases prices to 50 percent.

1929 The stock market sludges through a day of murky panic, as 2.4 million shares trade in the first half-hour, one of the heaviest openings yet on record.

1885 Canada’s transcontinental railway completed

1665 The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, is first published.


November 8

1967 Silver hits record $1.951 an ounce in London

1964 IMF grants Great Britain credit of $1 billion

1933 FDR creates Civil Works Administration

1793 The Louvre, one of richest collections in the world, is opened as public museum in Paris

1731 In Philadelphia, Benjamin Franklin opens 1st U.S. library


November 9

2010 Qantas, British Airways, Japan Airlines, Air France and seven other carriers were fined millions of euros for fixing the price of air cargo between 1999 and 2006

1989 East Berlin opens its borders

1960 Robert McNamara becomes president of Ford Motor Company (for less than a month)

1946 President Truman ends wage/price freeze


November 10

2001 World Trade Organization approves China’s membership

1997 WorldCom Inc. and MCI Communications Corp. agree to $37 billion merger

1982 IMF lends Mexico $3.8 billion due to threatened bankrupcy

1951 Direct-dial, coast-to-coast telephone service begins as Mayor M. Leslie Denning of Englewood, NJ, calls his counterpart in Alameda, CA

1903 Mary Anderson of Birmingham, AL receives U.S. Patent No. 743,801 for windshield wiper

1885 World’s first motorcycle from Gottlieb Daimler is unveiled


November 11

1994 Bill Gates buys Leonardo da Vinci’s “Codex” for $30,800,000

1987 Painting by Vincent Van Gogh sells for $49m (world record)

1972 Dow Jones moves above 1,000 for 1st time

1851 Alvan Clark patents telescope


November 12

1999 President Clinton signs sweeping measure knocking down Depression-era barriers and allowing banks, investment firms and insurance companies to sell each other’s products

1987 Van Gogh’s Irises is sold for record £30.2 million

1979 President Carter stops importation of petroleum from Iran

1953 U.S. district Judge Grim, rules NFL can black out TV home games

1946 1st “autobank” (banking by car) forms (Chicago)

1942 Pharmaceutical giant Bayer patents polyurethane

1892 Pudge Heffelfinger receives $500, becomes 1st pro football player


November 13

1955 1st live telecast from non-contiguous foreign country-Havana Cuba

1929 The stock market hits its low for the year as the Dow slumps to 198.69, off from its yearly high of 311.90 on September 3.

1878 The first telephones are installed on the trading floor of the New York Stock Exchange, just over two years after Alexander Graham Bell invents the telephone.

1865 1st U.S. gold certificates issued

1851 Telegraph connection between London-Paris linked


November 14

1994 1st trains for public run in English Channel Tunnel

1972 Canada begins production of Olympic coins

1972 The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed above 1,000 for the first time, ending the day at 1,003.16

1910 First airplane flight from deck of a sip, Norfolk, VA


November 15

1991 Dow Jones drops 120.31 points (5th largest dive)

1971 Intel advertises 4004-processor

1969 First Wendy’s opens

1926 National Broadcasting Co. debuts with a radio network of 24 stations

1901 electrical hearing aid was patented by Miller Reese of New York

1867 First stock ticker debuts


November 16

1973 President Nixon signs the Alaska Pipeline measure into law

1963 Walt Disney launches Epcot Center: Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow

1875 William Bonwill, patents dental mallet to impact gold into cavities

1841 Napoleon Guerin of New York patents cork-filled life preserver

1824 New York City’s Fifth Avenue opens for business

1821 William Becknell opens trade on the Santa Fe Trail


November 17

1999 More than 1.5 billion shares change hands on the NASDAQ for first time

1998 DaimlerChrysler begins trading its shares on the New York Stock Exchange

1995 S&P 500 closes above 600 for the first time (600.07)

1970 Stanford Research Institute (SRI) scientist Douglas Engelbart obtains U.S. patent for “X-Y Position Indicator for a Display System,” (computer mouse)

1962 Dulles International Airport in Washington, D.C., is dedicated

1959 De Beers of South Africa announces synthetic diamond

1896 Formal opening of the Suez Canal


November 18

2008 Big Three automakers plead with Congress for $25 billion

1967 British government devalues pounds from U.S. equivalent of $2.80 to $2.40

1963 Bell Telephone introduces push button telephones

1928 Mickey Mouse debuts

1883 Country divides into four time zones


November 19

2007 Amazon.com Inc. introduces the Kindle

2006 The Wii first goes on sale

1990 Greyhound files reorganization plan so they can be traded publically

1987 A 1931 Bugatti Royale is sold for £5.5 million (record for car)

1965 Kellogg’s Pop Tarts pastries are created

1959 Ford Motor Co. announced it is halting production of Edsel


November 20

1984 McDonald’s made its 50 billionth hamburger

1974 The U.S. files antitrust suit to break-up AT&T

1967 At 11 AM, Census Clock at Department of Commerce ticks past 200 million

1931 Commercial teletype service begins (AT&T)

1923 Garrett Morgan invents and patents traffic signal


November 21

1995 The Dow Jones Industrial Average breaks through the 5000 barrier for the first time, finishing the day at 5023.55, just nine months after first closing above 4000.

1985 The Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index closes above 200 for the first time, finishing the day at 201.41.

1973 President Nixon’s attorney, J Fred Buzhardt, reveals presence of 18 minute gap in a White House tape recording related to Watergate


November 22

2005 Microsoft video game console Xbox 360 goes on sale

1991 New York Knicks pay Patrick Ewing record $18.8 million for 2 yr extension

1989 Eastern Airlines pilots and flight attendants end strike

1967 Silver hits record $2.17 an ounce in New York


November 23

1992 10,000,000th cellular telephone sold

1954 The Dow Jones industrial average finally surpasses pre-crash high – 25 years after Black Tuesday – when it closed at 382.74

1936 Life magazine is first published

1897 Pencil sharpener patented by J L Love

1889 The first juke box is installed in Palais Royal Saloon in San Francisco


November 24

1991 1st International flight from Long Island’s MacArthur Airport (to Mexico)

1949 Britain nationalizes it’s steel and iron industry

1874 Joseph F. Glidden patents barbed wire


November 25

1835 Andrew Carnegie, future steel king, is born in Dunfermline, County Fife, Scotland.

1792 Farmer’s Almanac 1st published

1715 1st English patent granted to an American, for processing corn


November 26

1990 The Shanghai Securities Exchange is re-established in China, 31 years after it was closed by the new Communist regime.

1942 President Roosevelt ordered nationwide gasoline rationing.

1922 Charles Schulz, American cartoonist and creator of the “Peanuts” comic strip, was born.

1876 Willis Haviland Carrier, the father of air conditioning, is born near Angola, N.Y.


November 27

1967 Gold pool nations pledge support of $35 per ounce gold price

1889 1st permit issued to drive a car through Central Park (Curtis P Brady)

1095 Pope Urban II orders first Crusade


November 28

1960 CBS radio expands hourly news coverage from 5 to 10 minutes

1948 1st Polaroid camera sold

1814 The Times in London is for the first time printed by automatic, steam powered presses


November 29

1995 CNN/fn, the financial network by Turner Enterprises, launches

1967 Robert McNamara announces resignation as Sec. of Defense to become president of the World Bank

1956 British government issues plans for rationing fuel, setting off “panic buying”

1953 American Airlines begins 1st regular commercial NY-LA air service

1942 Coffee rationing begins in the US


November 30

1993 Brady bill signed, requiring five-day waiting period and background checks for handgun purchases

1986 Ivan Lendl is 1st tennis player to earn over $10 million

1983 Radio Shack announces Tandy Model 2000 computer (80186 chip)

1931 HMV and Columbia Records merged to form EMI (Electrical and Musical Industries)


December 1

2009 North Korea raises the value of its currency

1997 Westinghouse formally changes its name to CBS

1990 English Channel is completed

1988 NBC bids record $401M to capture rights to 1992 Barcelona Olympics

1986 Guinness shares plunge by £300m as British government orders inquiry into company affairs

1913 Henry Ford installs first moving assembly line for mass production of entire automobile


December 2

2002 Toyota’s first hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles arrive in California

2001 Enron files for Chapter 11 protection in one of the largest corporate bankruptcies in U.S. history

1993 Dow-Jones hits record 3702.11

1969 The Boeing 747 jumbo jet debuts

1901 King Camp Gillette begins selling safety razor blades

1816 1st savings bank in U.S. opens (Philadelphia Savings Fund Society)


December 3

2009 Comcast and GE announce joint venture plans, with Comcast owning a 51 percent controlling stake in NBC Universal

1997 South Korea strikes $55 billion bailout deal with the IMF

1984 worst industrial accident in history as explosion at pesticide plant in Bhopal, India kills 2,000 and injures another 200,000 people

1979 Christies auctions a thimble for a record $18,400

1910 Neon lighting is displayed for first time at the Paris Motor Show


December 4

2003 US pulls back from steel trade war

1991 Pan American World Airways ceased operations

1945 Senate approved U.S. participation in the United Nations

1791 The Observer, Britain’s oldest Sunday newspaper, was first published.


December 5

1991 NY Daily News files for protection under chapter 11

1955 The American Federation of Labor and the Congress of Industrial Organizations merge and form the AFL-CIO

1901 Walter Elias Disney is born in Chicago to Elias Disney, a carpenter, and Flora Call Disney, a homemaker.

1848 California Gold Rush: In a message before the U.S. Congress, US President James K. Polk confirms that large amounts of gold had been discovered in California.

1766 The founder of the famous auctioneers, James Christie, held his first sale in London.


December 6

1994 Orange County, CA, files for bankruptcy protection due to $2 billion in investment losses

1990 Shoeless Joe Jackson’s signature is sold for $23,100

1974 Dow Jones closes at 577.60, down 45.1% from its high of January, 1973

1877 Thomas Edison makes the world’s first practical recording of a human voice


December 7

1999 As Standard & Poor’s adds Yahoo! to the Standard & Poor’s 500-stock composite index, the stock hits $576 (not adjusted for later splits), up $139, or 32%, in a single week

1988 Rangers sign free-agent pitcher Nolan Ryan to a one-year contract

1945 Microwave oven patented

1732 The Royal Opera House opens at Covent Garden, London.


December 8

1993 President Clinton signs NAFTA into law

1962 114-day newspaper strike begins in New York City

1936 NAACP files suit to equalize salaries of black and white teachers

1886 American Federation of Labor (AFL) formed

1863 President Lincoln announces his plan for the Reconstruction of the South


December 9

2002 United Airlines files biggest bankruptcy in aviation history after losing $4 billion in the previous two years

1975 President Ford signs a $2.3 billion seasonal loan authorization to prevent New York City from having to default

1953 General Electric announces all Communist employees will be dismissed

1907 Christmas seals go on sale for first time, at Wilmington, DE, post office; proceeds went to fight tuberculosis


December 10

2013 U.S. automaker General Motors appoints Mary Barra CEO; she becomes the first female to become CEO of an automotive company

1993 Dow Jones hits record 3740.67

1915 1,000,000th Model T Ford assembled


December 11

2010 China’s inflation rate reaches 5.1%, a 28-month high

1985 Dow Jones closes above 1,500 for 1st time (1,511.70)

1844 1st dental use of nitrous oxide, Hartford, Ct

1620 103 Mayflower pilgrims land at Plymouth Rock


December 12

2000 GM announces phase-out of Oldsmobile

1982 $9,800,000 in cash stolen from money transport car in New York City

1946 Tide detergent introduced

1791 America’s first national bank, the Bank of the United States, opens in Carpenters’ Hall at the corner of Chestnut and Third Sts. in Philadelphia.


December 13

1993 Dow Jones hits record 3764.43

1992 FCC fines Infinity Broadcasting $600,000

1983 British Airways incorporates

1903 Ice cream cones (or moulds) were patented by Italo Marcione of New York

1759 1st music store in America opens in Philadelphia


December 14

1988 CBS’ $1.1 B bid wins exclusive 1990-94 major-league baseball rights

1987 Chrysler pleads no contest to selling driven vehicles as new

1934 1st streamlined steam locomotive introduced (Albany New York)

1900 German physicist Max Planck publishes study of effect of radiation on a “blackbody” substance and the quantum theory is born

1798 David Wilkinson of Rhode Island patents a nut and bolt machine

1656 Artificial pearls 1st manufactured


December 15

2004 Sprint Corp. and Nextel Communications Inc. announce $35 billion merger

1973 Jean Paul Getty III, the grandson of American billionaire J. Paul Getty, is found alive after being held for ransom for $17 million

1966 Walt Disney dies at age 65

1939 Nylon yarn is first produced commercially in Delaware

1886 Total daily trading volume on the New York Stock Exchange exceeds 1 million shares for first time


December 16

1979 OPEC states raise the price of oil

1908 First credit union in U.S. forms, Manchester, New Hampshire

1835 Fire consumes over 600 buildings in New York City, including New York Stock Exchange

1773 Boston tea party takes place

1685 Workmen finish laying stones for Wall Street


December 17

1992 North American Free Trade Agreement signed by President George H.W. Bush, Canadian Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and Mexican President Carlos Salinas de Gortari

1976 OPEC members split over suggested 15% increase in oil prices

1903 Orville and Wilbur Wright make first successful, man-powered airplane flight

1900 Ellis Island station completed for $1.5 million

1849 First bowler hat sold


December 18

2013 In the U.S., two winners are believed to have won the Mega Millions lottery; they will share a jackpot of $636 million

1991 General Motors announces closing of 21 plants

1920 1st U.S. postage stamps printed without the words United States or US

1796 1st U.S. newspaper to appear on Sunday (Baltimore Monitor)


December 19

2001 Argentine economic crisis: December 2001 riots – Riots erupt in Buenos Aires.

1989 American Airlines purchases Eastern Airline’s Latin American route

1984 Scotty Bowman becomes NHL’s all time winningest coach

1927 The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 200 for the first time, finishing the day at 200.93. It had taken the Dow nearly 22 years to double.


December 20

2005 NYC transit workers begin three-day strike

1928 Harry Ramsden starts his fish and chip restaurant in a hut near Bradford, West Yorkshire

1803 Louisiana Purchase is completed

1790 First successful cotton mill in U.S. begins operating in RI


December 21

1998 S&P 500 closes above 1200 for the first time

1962 US agrees to sell Polaris missiles to the UK

1929 First group hospital insurance plan offered in Dallas

1913 First crossword puzzle is published in the New York World


December 22

1997 Merck baldness pill for men approved by FDA

1910 U.S. postal savings stamps 1st issued

1900 First Mercedes delivered to its buyer

1895 Roentgen makes first radiograph or x-ray of his wife’s hand


December 23

1975 Congress passes Metric Conversion Act

1961 KICU TV channel 43 in Visalia-Fresno, California (IND) begins broadcasting

1951 1st coast-to-coast televised football game (Dumont paid $75,000) Los Angeles Rams beat Cleveland Browns 24-17 in NFL championship game

1943 1st telecast of a complete opera (Hansel and Gretel), Schenectady, New York

1919 Alice H Parker patents gas heating furnace

1867 1st self-made millionairess (Sarah Breedlove-hair straightner)

1776 Continental Congress negotiates a war loan of $181,500 from France


December 26

1860 Maiden voyage of 1st steamship owned by 1 man (C Vanderbilt)

1854 Wood-pulp paper 1st exhibited, Buffalo

1848 1st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to SF


December 27

2012 Toyota Motor Corporation agrees to pay $1 billion to settle over a dozen lawsuits related to sudden acceleration

2011 Consumers spend over $30 billion on online holiday shopping in the U.S., a 15 percent increase over last year

2011 Sears Holding Corporation reveals its plan to close over 100 Sears and K-Mart stores in the U.S.

2010 Lawyers for Allen Stanford, a man charged with running a $7 billion ponzi scheme, seek to postpone his trial for two years

1993 Dow-Jones hits record 3792.93

1928 Walter Morgan founds the nation’s first “balanced” mutual fund, the Industrial and Power Securities Co., which invests in both stocks and bonds.


December 28

2013 As long-term federal unemployment benefits expire, leaving 1.3 million unemployed Americans without aid, lawmakers discuss bipartisan legislation to extend unemployment benefits

1993 Dow-Jones hits record 3793.49

1981 Warner-Elektra-Atlantic raises price of 45 records from $1.68 to $1.98

1895 World’s 1st movie theater opens in Paris


December 29

2013 Administrative officials claim that over 1.1 million Americans are now enrolled in Obamacare

2011 Financial disputes lead New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg to report that the National September 11 Museum will not open on time

2010 In Beijing, the minimum wage is raised by 20%, the second time in six months

1949 Hungary nationalized its industries

1908 Patent granted for a 4-wheel automobile brake, Clintonville, Wisc

1867 1st telegraph ticker used by a brokerage house, Groesbeck and Co, New York


December 30

2011 Canadian Auto Workers vote in favor of striking against Caterpillar Inc’s locomotive manufacturing plant in London, Ontario.

2010 The internet population in China reaches 450 million.

1988 Canadian Senate OK’s free trade pact; with US

1988 Mercedes-Benz pays $20.2-M fine failed to meet ’86 government fuel standard

1963 American Express Warehousing, Ltd., a unit of American Express, declares bankruptcy after storage tanks in Bayonne, N.J., that are supposed to contain $150 million worth of salad oil turn out to hold nothing but seawater.


December 31

2010 Italy’s plan to ban plastic bags goes into effect; the country was using 20 billion plastic bags a year – about 300 per person.

1999 Control of Panama Canal reverts to Panama.

1997 Microsoft buys Hotmail E-mail service.

1930 U.S. tobacco industry produced 123 billion cigarettes in 1930.

1781 Bank of North America, 1st U.S. bank opens.


January 1


January 2

2008 Oil reaches $100 per barrel for the first time

1990 Dow Jones hits record 2,800 (2,810.15)

1987 Daily trading volume on the New York Stock Exchange exceeds 300 million for the first time, as 302.4 million shares change hands.

1980 With inflation raging, gold hits a record price of $850 per ounce.

1905 Luther George Simjian, the inventor of the earliest known prototype of the automatic teller machine (ATM), is born in Ainteb, Turkey.

1870 The first known female-owned U.S. stock brokerage is launched

1853 Basic financial disclosure becomes mandatory for all companies seeking to list their stock for trading on the New York Stock & Exchange Board.


January 3

2006 Lobbyist Jack Abramoff pleads guilty to conspiracy, mail fraud and tax evasion

1980 Gold hits record $634 an ounce

1977 Apple Computers incorporated

1911 U.S. postal savings bank inaugurated

1888 Paper drinking straws are patented

1872 1st patent list issued by U.S. Patent Office


January 4

2001 Total daily trading volume on NYSE exceeds 2 billion shares for first time

1961 Longest recorded strike ends (33 yrs)- Danish barbers’ assistants

1936 The first pop music chart is published by Billboard magazine

1865 New York Stock Exchange opens its first permanent building

1847 Samuel Colt wins contract to provide the U.S. government with 1,000 revolvers


January 5

1999 Amazon.com announces fourth-quarter sales totaling $250 million; stock surges from $6.1875 to $124.50

1993 Oil tanker carrying 85,000 tons of crude oil runs aground off the Shetland Islands

1972 New York City transit fare rises from 30 cents to 35 cents

1933 Construction begins on the $35 million Golden Gate Bridge

1914 Henry Ford introduces minimum wage scale of $5 per day


January 6:

2008 Theme park Disney-MGM Studios becomes Disney’s Hollywood Studios

1999 Dow Jones breaks 9500 for the first time

1933 NYSE begins requiring listed companies to have annual financial statements prepared by independent auditors

1929 Lufthansa, national airline of Germany, is founded

1838 Samuel Morse first publicly demonstrates telegraph


January 7:

1992 NASDAQ breaks 600 for the first time

1980 Pres. Jimmy Carter signs the Chrysler Corporation Loan Guarantee Act

1975 OPEC agrees to increase oil prices by 10%

1965 France announces it is converting $150 million of its currency to gold

1927 Transatlantic telephone service between New York and London begins

1914 1st steamboat passes through Panama Canal

1830 1st U.S. Railroad Station opens (Baltimore)


January 8:

1988 Hewlett-Packard introduces HP-28S Advanced Scientific Calculator

1987 More than 14 long years after it crossed the 1000 mark, the Dow Jones Industrial Average breaks the 2000 barrier, closing at 2002.25.

1982 AT&T agrees to divest itself of 22 Bell System companies

1976 Franklin Mint strikes 1st gold coins for Netherlands Antilles

1829 On one of the quietest days in Wall Street history, the market is open, but not a single share of stock changes hands.


January 9:

2007 Apple Computer unveils the revolutionary iPhone

1975 600 employees of Royal Canadian Mint go on strike

1961 Twins agree on $500,000 payment to AA for Minn/St. Paul territory

1903 Frank Farrell and Bill Devery purchase AL Baltimore franchise for $18,000 and move it to New York City (Yankees)


January 10:

2008 World’s cheapest car (Nano by Tata Motors) debuts in India with starting price of $2,000

2000 America Online agrees to buy Time-Warner for $162 billion

1941 FDR introduces the lend-lease program to Congress

1910 Joyce C. Hall opens business selling illustrated postcards; eventually becomes Hallmark, Inc.

1901 Spindletop gusher blows its top on a hill near Beaumont, Texas

1870 Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil

1863 London’s underground railway opens


January 11:

2008 Bank of America agrees to buy Countrywide Financial for $4.1 billion in stock

1964 A scientific advisory panel reports that cigarette smoking is hazardous to human health

1937 Strike turns violent at GM plant

1913 1st sedan-type car (Hudson) goes on display at 13th Auto Show

1873 1st livestock market newspaper published, Drover’s Journal, Chicago

1813 1st pineapples planted in Hawaii

1759 1st American life insurance company incorporated, Philadelphia


January 12:

2010 Haiti (poorest country in Western Hemisphere) is hit by magnitude 7 earthquake, killing 300,000 residents and leaving 1.5 million homeless

1975 Chrysler Corp offers 1st car rebates

1970 Boeing 747 makes its maiden voyage

1948 1st Supermarket in U.K. opens

1906 Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 100 for the first time (100.25)

1900 Henry Ford finishes first commercial vehicle (a delivery wagon)

1812 1st cargo arrives in New Orleans by steam


January 13:

1998 CBS pays $4 billion to televise AFC games for 8-years

1989 “Friday the 13th” virus strikes hundreds of IBM computers in Britain

1957 Wham-O Company produces the 1st Frisbee

1937 First shipment of gold received at Fort Knox


January 14

2004 J.P. Morgan Chase and Co. buys Bank One Corp. for $58 billion

1982 Ford Motor Co. announces it will skip paying quarterly dividend for first time since going public in 1956

1981 FCC frees stations to air as many commercials an hour as they wish

1980 Gold reaches a new record price exceeding $800 an ounce

1949 Anti-trust suit filed against AT&T

1935 Iraq-Mediterranean oil pipeline goes into use


January 15

1987 NYSE racks up daily volume of over a quarter-of-a-billion shares for the first time, as 253.1 million shares are traded

1975 President Ford unveils a relief package for flailing economy

1936 Henry Ford establishes the Ford Foundation


January 16

2012 Customers of online shoe retailer Zappos must change their passwords after Zappos reports hackers accessed up to 24 million customer accounts

1974 The New York Stock Exchange’s systems are so primitive that a single computer glitch at Merrill, Lynch & Co. delays the opening of the trading day by a full 15 minutes.

1951 World’s largest gas pipeline opens (Brownsville Tx, to 134th St, New York City)

1915 Congress authorizes $1 and $50 Panama-Pacific International Expo gold coin


January 17

2008 Bill Gates resigns from Microsoft to focus on his charity work

1994 N.Y. Daily News increases prices to 50 cents

1929 1st color TV demo, New York City

1867 Bank of California opens doors

1792 Today is the birthday of the dollar sign ($), as it shows up for the first time on a federal document — a U.S. Treasury bond issued to George Washington.


January 18

2005 World’s largest commercial jet (Airbus A380) is unveiled in Toulouse, France

1991 Eastern Airlines shut down after 62 years in business

1989 IBM announces earnings up 10.4% in 1988

1980 Gold reaches $1,000 an ounce

1956 Ford Motor Co. goes public


January 19

2007 First McDonald’s drive through opens in Beijing

1992 IBM announces a nearly $5B loss

1953 GM announces billion dollar expansion

1938 GM began mass production of diesel engines

1922 Geological survey announces U.S. oil supply will be depleted in 20 years

1915 Neon Tube sign patented by George Claude

1903 1st regular transatlantic radio broadcast between U.S. and England

1736 James Watt, inventor of the steam engine, is born in Scotland


January 20

1953 1st U.S. telecast transmitted to Canada-from Buffalo NY

1934 Fujifilm, the photographic and electronics company, is founded in Tokyo, Japan.

1929 In Old Arizona, the first full-length talking motion picture filmed outdoors, is released.

1870 The first known female-owned U.S. stock brokerage, Woodhull, Claflin & Co. is launched in Manhattan.


January 21

2004 Recording industry sues 532 computer users it said were illegally distributing songs over the Internet

1994 Dow Jones passes 3900 (3,914.20)

1993 NASDAQ Composite Index breaks the 700 barrier (700.77)

1980 Gold hits a record price of $850 per ounce

1954 1st gas turbine automobile exhibited (New York City)

1941 1st commercial extraction of magnesium from seawater, Freeport, TX


January 22

1981 Donald Regan takes oath as the United States’ 66th Secretary of the Treasury

1968 New York Stock Exchange closes 90 minutes early

1932 President Hoover signs legislation that establishes the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC)

1905 Russian troops opened fire on marching workers in St. Petersburg, killing more than 100 in what became known as “Bloody Sunday.”


January 23

1991 World’s largest oil spill, caused by embattled Iraqi forces in Kuwait

1989 Legislation came into force which allowed garages to display fuel prices by litre only, not by the gallon.

1938 16 oil companies were convicted in the US under the Anti-Trust laws for price fixing. Among them were Standard Oil, Shell, and Continental Oil.

1895 The New York Stock Exchange “recommends” that companies listed on the NYSE should publish annual financial statements and distribute them to shareholders.


January 24

1984 The first Apple Macintosh goes on sale.

1976 The largest shipwreck recorded took place when a 270,000-ton oil tanker, the Olympic Bravery, ran aground off France

1935 First canned beer goes on sale

1848 The gold rush began when James Marshall discovered gold at Sutter’s sawmill in California, just a week before the peace treaty with Mexico.


January 25

2007 Ford Motor Co. announces $12.7 billion loss in 2006, worst in company’s 103-year history

1993 Sears announces it is closing its catalog sales department after 97 years

1959 American Airlines opens jet age in the US with the first scheduled transcontinental flight of a Boeing 707

1905 World’s largest diamond found (3,106-carats)

1890 United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) forms

1853 Basic financial disclosure becomes mandatory for all companies seeking to list stock for trading on the New York Stock & Exchange Board


January 26

2010 James Cameron’s Avatar becomes the highest grossing film of all time

1989 AT&T reports $1.67 Billion loss in 1988

1934 Producer Samuel Goldwyn buys the film rights to The Wonderful Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum

1886 Karl Benz patents 1st auto with burning motor


January 27

2006 Western Union delivers its last telegram

1985 Coca-Cola announces plans to sell its soft drinks in the Soviet Union

1948 1st tape recorder sold

1938 The NYSE recommends internal reorganization to install a board of governors, salaried independent president and specialized administrative staff

1880 Thomas Edison receives patent for his electric incandescent lamp

1710 Czar Peter the Great sets 1st Russian state budget

1662 1st American lime kiln begins operation (Providence RI)


January 28

2009 House approves $819 billion stimulus bill

1965 A GM earnings estimate reported the largest profit by an American company – $1.735 billion during the previous year

1965 Dow Jones closes above 900 for the first time (900.95)

1878 George W. Coy hired as 1st full-time telephone operator


January 29

2013 For the first time since launching Google Maps, Google extends its data coverage of North Korea, filling in previously blank areas on most of the country with detailed maps that identify landmarks.

1999 Just six months after breaking the 2000 barrier, the NASDAQ Composite Index rises 28.55 points to close above 2500 for the first time, finishing the day at 2505.89.

1997 The U.S. Treasury auctions off its first issue of inflation-indexed securities, finally enabling investors to hedge the risks of the escalating cost of living.

1988 United Airlines Boeing 747SP, circles world in 36h54m15s.

1924 Ice cream cone rolling machine patented by Carl Taylor, Cleveland.

1920 Walt Disney starts 1st job as an artist; $40 week with Kansas City Slide Co.

1886 1st successful gasoline-driven car patented, Karl Benz, Karlsruhe.

1840 Houston Chamber of Commerce is founded.


January 30

2007 Microsoft releases Windows Vista

1928 1st radio telephone connection between Netherlands and US

1869 Less than two weeks short of his 22nd birthday, a junior telegraph operator in Western Union’s Boston office quits his job to try his hand at being a full-time inventor. His name is Thomas Alva Edison.


January 31

2006 Ben Bernanke approved as chairman of the Federal Reserve

1990 McDonald’s Corp. opens first fast-food restaurant in Moscow

1957 The Trans-Iranian oil pipeline is completed

1928 3M begins marketing clear Scotch tape

1865 House of Representatives pass constitutional amendment to abolish slavery


February 1

2010 President Obama proposes $3.8 trillion budget for 2011

2006 United Airlines emerges from bankruptcy

1982 Amoco Canada and Chevron Standard Ltd withdraw from the $13.5 billion Alsands oil consortium in Alberta

1972 1st scientific hand-held calculator, the HP-35, introduced for $395

1959 Texas Instruments requests patent of IC (Integrated Circuit)

1926 Land at Broadway and Wall Street, NY is sold at a record $7 per square inch

1898 First auto insurance policy issued (Travelers Insurance Company)

1788 1st U.S. steamboat patent issued, by Georgia to Briggs and Longstreet


February 2

1993 Frito Lay pays court ordered $2,500,000 to Tom Wait for using his song

1992 IRS and Willie Nelson settle on $9M tax bill (of $16.7M)

1977 Radio Shack officially begins creating TRS-80 computer

1970 Antiwar protestors sue Dow Chemical

1932 Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC) opens for business

1929 The Federal Reserve announces ban on bank loans for margin trades

1923 Leaded gasoline goes on sale

1892 Bottle cap with cork seal patented by William Painter

1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; U.S. acquires Texas California, New Mexico and Arizona for $15 million


February 3

2000 The Senate confirms Alan Greenspan for a 4th term as chairman of the Federal Reserve

1913 16th Amendment to the Constitution, providing for a federal income tax, is ratified

1809 First paper money in America is issued by the colony of Massachusetts

1730 The first stock exchange quotations are published in the Daily Advertiser, London


February 4

2010 Yahoo! sells HotJobs to Monster.com for a reported $225 million

1959 Israel begins exporting copper ore

1957 1st electric portable typewriter placed on sale

1902 Charles A. Lindbergh, the American aviator who became the first man to fly the Atlantic solo nonstop from the U.S. to Europe, was born.

1895 1st rolling lift bridge opens, Chicago


February 5

1997 Morgan Stanley announces $10 billion merger with Dean Witter

1987 Dow Jones avg closes above 2,200 for 1st time

1979 Costliest single periodical ad, $3.2 million, Gulf + Western in Time

1850 Adding machine employing depressible keys patented

1637 “Tulip mania” hits its peak in the Netherlands


February 6

2011 The Los Angeles Dodgers professional baseball team files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy

2008 Bill Gates resigns from Microsoft to focus on his charity work

1989 Sky Television’s satellite service was launched by Rupert Murdoch.

1919 The German airline Lufthansa was established, flying between Berlin and Weimar.

1808 The Milan Stock Exchange (Borsa Valori di Milano, now called La Borsa Italiana) is established.


February 7

1992 European Union treaty is signed

1943 Shoe rationing begins in U.S.

1940 British railroads nationalized

1938 Harvey Samuel Firestone, founder of Firestone Tires, dies at age 69

1804 John Deere inventor of the world’s first self-cleaning steel plow, is born


February 8

1993 General Motors sues NBC, alleging that the program “Dateline NBC” rigged two crashes to show that GM pickups were prone to fires. (NBC settled the lawsuit the following day.)

1980 Total market value of all shares on NYSE surpasses $1 trillion

1971 National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations (NASDAQ) begins trading

1964 The Iraqi National Oil Company is incorporated in Baghdad

1934 The federal government authorizes the Export-Import Bank


February 9

1987 New York Stock Exchange installs ladies restroom in the Exchange Luncheon Club

1966 Vietnam-era bull market peaks, Dow Jones closes the day at 995.15

1960 Coors brewery heir, Adolph Coors, is kidnapped and held for ransom

1943 Franklin D. Roosevelt orders minimal 48 hour work week in war industry

1922 Congress votes in favor of establishing the World War Foreign Debt Commission


February 10

1998 AOL raises monthly flat rate internet access from $19.95 to $21.95

1974 Silver futures hit record $4.81 an ounce in London

1942 Glenn Miller is presented with first gold disc for selling over one million copies oc “Chattanooga Choo Choo”

1938 “Fannie Mae” is born, as the National Mortgage Association of Washington (later the Federal National Mortgage Association) is created as a subsidiary of the Reconstruction Finance Corp.

1935 Pennsylvania Rail Road begins passenger service on new electric locomotive

1923 Ink paste manufactured for 1st time by Standard Ink Company


February 11

2010 A European Union summit discusses the possibility of bailing out Greece’s economy

1956 Korean stock exchange established in Seoul

1937 Sit down strike against General Motors ends with company agreeing to recognize the United Automobile Workers Union

1847 Inventor Thomas Edison is born in Milan, Ohio

1809 Robert Fulton patents steamboat


February 12

1998 Intel unveils its 1st graphics chip i740

1997 The Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index closes above 800 for first time (802.77)

1970 New York Stock Exchange finally elects first African-American member, Joseph L. Searles III

1924 First commercially sponsored radio program debuts

1900 J.W. Packard received his first automotive patent

1877 US railroad builders strike against wage reduction

1876 Al Spalding opens sporting good shop

1873 Congress authorizes $1 and $3 gold coins


February 13

1975 British mineworkers’ leaders agree to accept the coal board’s latest pay offer of up to 35%.

1973 U.S. dollar devalues 10 percent

1959 Barbie doll goes on sale

1910 William Bradford Shockley, co-inventor of the transistor, is born in London, Shockley co-invents the transistor at Bell Labs in 1947, making small, economical computers possible for the first time.

1895 Moving picture projector patented


February 14

1989 Union Carbide agrees to pay $470 million to the Indian government for damages it caused in the 1984 Bhopal disaster.

1966 Australian currency is decimalised.

1946 The Bank of England is nationalized.

1934 The New York Stock Exchange prohibits its members from participating in “stock pools.


February 15

1995 Dow-Jones closes at record 3986.17

1982 Ocean Ranger oil-drilling platform lost off Newfoundland

1955 1st pilot plant to produce man-made diamonds announced

1946 Bank of England nationalized

1934 Legislators pass the Civil Works Emergency Relief Act, providing funds for the Federal Emergency Relief Administration (FERA)

1836 Nicholas Biddle obtains a Pennsylvania charter for the second Bank of the United States

1812 Charles Lewis Tiffany, founder of Tiffany and Co. is born


February 16

1998 Tellabs Inc. acquires Coherent Communications Systems for $670 million

1990 Cisco Systems, Inc. goes public on NASDAQ

1946 1st commercially designed helicopter tested, Bridgeport Connecticut

1938 FDR signs new version of controversial Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)

1937 Wallace H. Carothers, a research chemist for DuPont, receives patent for nylon

1878 Silver dollar became U.S. legal tender

1852 Henry and Clement Studebaker establish H & C Studebaker


February 17

2009 President Barack Obama signs a $757 billion economic stimulus package into law

1995 Federal judge allows lawsuit against U.S. tobacco makers claiming they knew nicotine was addictive and manipulated its levels to keep customers hooked

1972 15,007,034th Volkswagen Beetle comes off the assembly line, breaking a world car production record formerly held by the Model T

1883 Mr. A. Ashwell of south London, patented Vacant/Engaged signs for toilet doors

1874 Thomas J. Watson, Sr., future head of I.B.M., is born


February 18

1964 U.S. cuts off military assistance to Britain, France, and Yugoslavia in retaliation for their continuing trade with Cuba

1898 Enzo Anselmo Ferrari is born, creator of some of the finest sports cars in the world

1849 1st regular steamboat service to California starts

1700 Daniel Bernoulli, one of the giants of probability theory and the father of modern risk analysis, is born in Basel, Switzerland

1688 London Gazette publishes earliest known reference to “Edward Lloyd’s coffee house,” birthplace of Lloyd’s of London and the insurance industry


February 19

2004 Former Enron Corp. chief executive Jeffrey Skilling is charged with fraud, insider trading and other crimes in connection with the energy trader’s collapse

1997 The Detroit News and Detroit Free Press accept an offer from six unions to end a 19-month strike, and announce a plan to return the former strikers to work

1985 Canned and bottled Cherry Coke introduced by Coca-Cola

1981 George Harrison is ordered to pay ABKCO Music $587,000 for “subconscious plagiarism” “My Sweet Lord” with “He’s So Fine”

1954 The Ford Thunderbird is born as prototype

1913 1st prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box

1878 Thomas Edison receives a patent for his phonograph


February 20

1998 U.S. movie box office hits quickest $1 billion for year

1963 Willie Mays for the San Francisco Giants signs a record $100,000 per year contract

1961 The New York Stock Exchange delists five stocks in one day. All are railroad or sugar companies based in Cuba, and their assets have been expropriated by the new government of Fidel Castro.

1937 1st automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica, CA


February 21

2001 European Union bans British milk, meat and livestock exports after foot-and-mouth disease outbreak

1969 Device designed to monitor function of the heart is patented – first US patent granted to a king (King Hussan of Morocco)

1947 Polaroid Land camera publicly displayed – could produce black-and-white photo in 60 seconds

1925 New Yorker magazine debuts

1878 First telephone directory issued

1858 First electric burglar alarm is installed in Boston


February 22

2006 Apple’s iTunes store sells its 1 billionth song

1907 1st cabs with taxi meters begin operating in London

1879 Frank Woolworth opens first ‘five and ten cent’ store in Utica, New York

1784 1st U.S. ship to trade with China, “Empress of China,” sails from New York


February 23

1995 Dow Jones closes above 4,000 for the first time

1973 Gold hits record $95 an ounce in London

1965 Michael Dell, founder of Dell Computer Corp. is born

1921 1st U.S. transcontinental air mail flight arrives in New York City from San Francisco

1886 London Times publishes world’s 1st classified ad


February 24

1986 Texas Air buys Eastern Airlines for $676 million

1983 Dow Jones closes above 1100 mark for 1st time

1938 First nylon product (toothbrush) goes on sale in New Jersey

1582 Pope Gregory XIII announces New Style (Gregorian) calendar


February 25

1977 Oil tanker explosion west of Honolulu spills 31 million gallons

1919 Oregon becomes first state to tax gasoline

1913 16th Amendment, giving Congress the power to levy and collect income taxes, declared in effect

1901 United States Steel Corp. is incorporated by J.P. Morgan

1862 Lincoln signs Legal Tender Act, allowing  the use of paper notes to pay the government’s bills

1837 1st U.S. electric printing press patented by Thomas Davenport

1836 Inventor Samuel Colt patents revolver

1791 1st Bank of U.S. chartered


February 26

1995 Barings PLC, Britain’s oldest investment banking firm, collapses

1993 Terrorist’s bomb explodes in parking garage of World Trade Center in New York City

1987 Templeton Emerging Markets Fund, the first portfolio of emerging markets stocks for retail investors, launches

1974 Gold hits record $188 an ounce in Paris

1912 Coal miners strike in England (settle on 03/01)

1907 Royal Oil and Shell merge to form British Petroleum (BP)

1895 Michael Owens of Toledo, Ohio patents a glass-blowing machine


February 27

1998 Apple discontinues developing Newton computer

1990 Exxon Corp and Exxon Shipping are indicted on 5 criminal counts

1974 “People” magazine begins sales

1891 David Sarnoff, future president of Radio Corporation of America us born in Uzlian, Russia.

1558 Exactly one year to the day after opening the first Russian embassy in London, a trade mission from Russia reached London, bringing with it many sable skins with the teeth, ears and claws of the animals preserved.


February 28

1994 Brady Law, imposing a wait-period to buy a hand-gun, goes into effect

1982 AT&T looses record $7 BILLION for fiscal year ending on this day

1964 Dow Jones Industrial Average breaks 800 mark for first time

1953 Watson and Crick discover double-helix structure of DNA

1827 The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Co. is incorporated


March 1

2005 Honda debuts the Civic Concept

1988 Pontiac announces the end of the Fiero automobile

1982 New York Times raises its price from 25 cents to 30 cents

1977 Bank of America adopts the name VISA for their credit cards

1950 U.S.S.R. issues golden rubles

1937 Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) and U.S. Steel sign landmark contract in which U.S. Steel officially recognizes the CIO as sole negotiator for company’s unionized workers

1917 1st federal land bank chartered

1914 Henry Colijn (Dutch Secretary of War) is named director of British Petroleum


March 2

1997 Saudi Arabian billionaire Prince al-Waleed bin Talal aquires 5% of Apple Computer

1990 Greyhound Bus goes on strike

1989 Exxon runs aground in Hawaii, spills 117,000 gallons of oil

1974 1st class postage raised to 10 cents from 8 cents

1970 American Airlines’ 1st flight of a Boeing 747

1966 1 millionth Ford Mustang is produced

1949 America’s soft-coal workers protest

1937 Mexico nationalizes oil

1929 Jones Act, the last gasp of the Prohibition, is passed by Congress

1927 Babe Ruth becomes highest paid baseball player ($70,000 per year)

1923 Time magazine debuts

1807 Congress outlaws the importation of slaves to the United States


March 3

1998 Bill Gates testifies at Senate Judiciary Committee

1917 Congress passes 1st excess profits tax on corporations

1901 J.P. Morgan announces he is merging his Federal Steel conglomerate with Andrew Carnegie’s Carnegie Co

1885 American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) incorporates

1884 The Supreme Court grants Congress power to authorize greenbacks

1863 Congress authorizes a U.S. mint at Carson City, Nevada

1847 Alexander Graham Bell is born in Edinburgh, Scotland

1842 1st U.S. child labor law regulating working hours is passed


March 4

2005 Martha Stewart leaves federal prison after serving five months for stock scandal

1991 Bank of Credit and Commerce International divests itself of 1st American Bank

1989 Time Inc. and Warner Communications Inc. announced plans to merge

1957 S&P 500 introduced as “Standard ‘500’ Index”

1811 The first Bank of the United States is forced to liquidate its assets

1472 The world’s oldest continually operating bank, the Monte della Pieta (now known as the Monte dei Paschi di Siena), is founded in Siena, Italy


March 5

2004 Martha Stewart is convicted of obstructing justice and lying to the government about why she’d unloaded her Imclone Systems Inc. stock just before the price plummeted

1976 British pounds fall below $2 for 1st time

1969 Gold reaches then record high ($47 per ounce) in Paris

1933 Pres. Franklin D. Roosevelt orders a nationwide bank holiday

1923 Montana and Nevada adopt legislation that paves the path for state funded pensions for elderly citizens

1894 Seattle authorizes 1st municipal employment office in U.S.

1558 Smoking tobacco introduced in Europe


March 6

1995 American Express Travel begins charging for domestic air tickets

1962 St. Louis vote to build a new downtown stadium for the Cardinals

1940 1st U.S. telecast from an airplane, New York City

1926 Alan Greenspan, future chairman of the Federal Reserve, is born in New York City

1902 Census Bureau forms


March 7

1985 IBM-PC DOS Version 3.1 update released

1932 Ford Motor Co. workers protest the company’s drop in minimum wage from $7 to $4 per day

1926 First successful trans-Atlantic radio-telephone conversation takes place, between New York City and London

1878 The Toronto Stock Exchange is incorporated

1876 Alexander Graham Bell patents first telephone capable of sustained articulate speech


March 8

1985 Report released by the IRS says number of millionaires in the US has doubled since 1980

1983 IBM releases PC DOS version 2.0

1972 1st flight of the Goodyear blimp

1953 Census indicates 239,000 farmers gave up farming in last 2 years

1946 1st helicopter licensed for commercial use (New York City)

1927 Pan American Airlines incorporates

1887 Everett Horton, Connecticut, patents fishing rod of telescoping steel tubes


March 9

2000 The NASDAQ Composite Index closes above 5000 for the first time (5046.86)

1995 Mexican peso worth 7.55 pesos to a dollar (record)

1987 Chrysler Corp offers to buy American Motors Corp for $1 billion

1979 Work begins on the Alaskan oil pipeline

1964 1st Ford Mustang produced

1959 Mattel’s Barbie doll makes public debut

1933 FDR submits Emergency Banking Act to Congress

1889 Kansas passes 1st general antitrust law in U.S.

1882 False teeth patented

1929 The forerunner of the Buenos Aires Stock Exchange is established


March 10

1997 Nationwide Insurance agrees to pay settlement on discrimination case that the U.S. Justice Department marshaled against the company

1995 Dow-Jones hits record 4035.64

1902 Attorney General Philander Knox files an anti-trust suit against J.P. Morgan’s Northern Securities Company

1876 1st telephone call made (Alexander Graham Bell to Thomas Watson)

1862 U.S. issues 1st paper money ($5, $10, $20, $50, $100, $500 and $1000)

1849 Abraham Lincoln applies for a patent; only U.S. president to do so


March 11

2009 Toyota sells 1 millionth hybrid in the US

1991 Microsoft confirms it’s being investigated by the Federal Trade Commission

1986 187.27 million shares traded in New York Stock Exchange

1941 Roosevelt signs the Lend-Lease Act into law

1938 Congress passes the Revenue Act, which called for corporate tax cuts

1791 Samuel Mulliken, Philadelphia, is 1st to obtain more than 1 U.S. patent

1702 1st English daily newspaper “Daily Courant,” publishes


March 12

1986 Oracle Corp. goes public on NASDAQ at an initial price of $15.00 a share. The stock closes the day at $20.75, setting the stage for another software company, Microsoft Corp., to go public the following day

1921 Italian auto titan Gianni Agnelli born

1912 e Girl Guides (later called Scouts) were founded in the US by Juliette Gordon Low


March 13

1995 Hungarian Forint devalued 9%

1991 Exxon pays $1-billion dollars in fines and cleanup of Valdez oil spill

1987 John Gotti is acquitted of racketeering

1986 Microsoft Corp. goes public at an initial offering price of $21 a share, raising $61 million just one day after Oracle Corp.’s own IPO. Microsoft closes the day at $28.

1950 General Motors reports net earnings of $656,434,232 (record)


March 14

2011 The Tokyo Stock Exchange falls more than five percent on the first day of trading following the 2011 Sendai earthquake

1995 1st time 13 people in space

1900 U.S. currency goes on gold standard

1794 Eli Whitney patents cotton gin


March 15

2005 Former WorldCom chief Bernard Ebbers is convicted of engineering $11 billion accounting fraud that toppled his company (He was sentenced to 25 years in prison)

2004 Martha Stewart resigns from the board of Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia 10 days after she was convicted in a stock scandal

1999 Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index closes above 1300 for the first time (1307.26)

1989 Gorbachev calls for an end to the Soviet agricultural bureaucracy and the introduction of free market principles

1985 Ohio Governor Richard Celeste temporarily halts business at all of Ohio’s ailing savings and loan banks

1938 US Secret Service unveils “Know Your Money” campaign, designed to raise awareness about the characteristics of legal tender and counterfeiting

1933 The NYSE reopens after closing for two weeks during FDR’s bank holiday


March 16

1995 Dow-Jones hits record 4069.15

1991 New York Lotto pays $33.3 million to one winner, with the numbers 18-21-32-33-35-38

1915 The Federal Trade Commission (FTC), devised in 1914, begins its operations

1830 Only 30 shares are traded on the NYSE


March 17

1997 Ford Motor plant in Lorain, Ohio, announces layoffs impacting 2,500 employees

1987 IBM releases PC-DOS version 3.3

1938 The governing committee of the NYSE agrees to expel former president Richard Whitney, for embezzling hundreds of thousands of dollars’ worth of securities

1929 General Motors acquires German auto manufacturer Adam Opel

1862 U.S. Treasury sanctions two issues of greenbacks


March 18

1985 Capital Cities Communications acquires American Broadcasting Cos. (ABC)

1974 Most Arab oil-producing nations end embargo against the United States

1970 Mail service paralyzed by 1st major postal strike

1933 American automaker Studebaker goes into receivership

1931 Schick Inc. markets the first electric razor

1852 Wells, Fargo and Co. is formed

1850 American Express is founded

1766 Britain repeals the Stamp Act


March 19

1992 America Online, Inc. goes public on NASDAQ at original price of $11.50

1985 IBM pulls the plug on its floundering home computer – the PCjr

1984 Mobil oil tanker spills 200,000 gallons into Columbia River

1931 Nevada legalizes gambling

1917 Supreme Court upholds eight-hour work day for railroads

1831 1st U.S. bank robbery (City Bank, New York/$245,000)


March 20

1995 Dow-Jones hits 4083.68 (record)

1991 Michael Jackson signs $65M 6 album deal with Sony records

1968 Lyndon Baines Johnson signs a bill removing gold backing from U.S. paper money

1602 The western world’s first major publicly traded company is born, the Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie, or Dutch East India Company, which deals in booming consumer products like cloves, tea, black pepper, and Chinese porcelain.


March 21

1995 New York City agrees to sell its 2 owned radio stations (WNew York City AM and FM)

1986 199.22 million shares traded in New York Stock Exchange

1983 Only known typo on Time Magazine cover (control=contol), all recalled

1924 The Massachusetts Investors Trust, the first open-end fund, is founded in Boston by Edward G. Leffler


March 22

2000 Less than nine months after breaking the 1400 barrier, the Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index closes above 1500 for the first time, finishing the day at 1500.64.

1960 1st patent for lasers, granted to Arthur Schawlow and Charles Townes

1954 1st shopping mall opened in Southfield, Michigan

1943 Dutch work week extended to 54 hour

1457 Gutenberg Bible became the 1st printed book


March 23

1990 Former Exxon Valdez Captain Joseph Hazelwood is sentenced to help clean up Prince William Sound and pay $50,000 in restitution for his role in the nation’s worst oil spill

1987 Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index closes above 300 for first time

1937 Los Angeles Railway Co. starts using PCC streetcars

1912 Dixie Cup invented

1903 Wright brothers obtain airplane patent

1836 The U.S. Mint unveils its first steam-powered press

1720 The South Sea Bill, granting virtual monopoly powers to the South Sea Co., passes in the British House of Commons


March 24

2001 Apple Computer Inc.’s operating system Mac OS X goes on sale

1995 S&P 500 closes above 500 for first time

1989 Nation’s worst oil spill – Exxon Valdez runs aground in Alaska’s Prince William Sound, leaking 11 million gallons of crude

1955 1st seagoing oil drill rig is placed in service

1900 Andrew Carnegie incorporates Carnegie Steel Company

1868 Metropolitan Life Insurance Co forms

1720 Banking houses in Paris close due to financial crisis


March 25

1996 U.S. issues newly-redesigned $100 bill

1970 Concorde makes its 1st supersonic flight (700 MPH/1,127 KPH)

1885 The over-the counter market gets an official home, as the New York Stock Exchange establishes its Department of Unlisted Securities to trade the shares of smaller companies.

1809 The earliest known bank failure in the U.S. is reported when the Farmers Exchange Bank of Glocester, R.I., goes bust after issuing $800,000 in fraudulent loans against total capital of $45.


March 26

2008 Ford Motor Company announces the sale of its Jaguar and Land Rover divisions to the Tata Group of India for some $2.3 billion

1998 Andy Grove announces he is stepping down as CEO of Intel Corp

1979 OPEC announces members will raise price of crude oil 9% from $13.34 to $14.55

1930 Congress appropriates $50,000 for Inter-American highway

1885 Eastman Film Co. manufactures 1st commercial motion picture film


March 27

2000 Cisco Systems, Inc. becomes the world’s most valuable corporation, with a total market value of $548 billion.

1980 Elevator in Vaal Reef South Africa gold mine crash 1900m down

1976 Washington D.C. underground Metro opens

1884 1st long-distance telephone call, Boston – New York

1860 M L Byrn patents “covered gimlet screw with a ‘T’ handle” (corkscrew)

1790 The shoelace invented


March 28

1985 President Reagan visits the floor of the NYSE, ringing the opening bell

1979 Nuclear accident at Three Mile Island, worst in history of US nuclear power industry

1941 Workers begin clearing land for Ford Motor Company’s Willow Run plant, which built B-24 bombers

1834 U.S. Senate votes to censure President Andrew Jackson for removal of federal deposits from the Bank of the United States


March 29

1999 Dow Jones closes above 10,000 for the first time (10,006.78)

1989 Michael Milken is indicted on 98 felony charges of violating Federal securities laws as head of the junk-bond desk at Drexel Burnham Lambert

1943 Rationing of meat, butter and cheese begins during World War II

1918 Sam Moore Walton, future founder of Wal-Mart, is born in Kingfisher, OK

1897 Japan adopts Gold Standard

1852 Ohio outlaws longer than 10 hour work day for children under 18 and women


March 30

2009 Rick Wagoner, chairman and CEO of GM, resigns at request of Obama administration

1999 Priceline.com goes public

1987 Vincent van Gogh’s “Sunflowers” sells for record 22.5M pounds ($39.7 million)

1889 John T. Reid opens 1st U.S. golf course in Yonkers, New York

1867 Secretary of State William H. Seward reached agreement with Russia to purchase Alaska for $7.2 million

1858 Pencil with attached eraser is patented


March 31

1996 Chase Manhattan and Chemical Banking merge

1995 Longest strike in Major League Baseball history ends

1989 Donald Trump purchases Eastern’s Northeast Shuttle

1971 South Africa national debt hits 5.45 billion

1951 The Eckert-Mauchly division of Remington Rand turns over UNIVAC computer to U.S. Census Bureau, the first major commercial sale of “stored-program” computer

1932 Ford publicly unveils its V-8 engine

1854 Japanese imperial government signs Treaty of Kanagawa, opening Japan to U.S. trade for the first time

1840 Martin Van Buren declares federal employees would only put in ten-hour days


April 1

1991 U.S. minimum wage increases from $3.80 to $4.25 per hour

1986 World oil prices fall below $10 a barrel

1976 Apple Computer founded

1970 President Nixon signs bill banning cigarette ads from radio and television

1946 Weight Watchers forms

1933 Germany boycotts Jewish businesses

1927 1st automatic record changer introduced

1889 First dishwashing machine is marketed in Chicago

1778 Oliver Pollock, a New Orleans businessman, creates the “$” symbol


April 2

1987 IBM introduces PS/2 and OS/2

1978 Velcro was 1st put on the market

1970 The Dow Jones Industrial Average drops by 1.3% to 762.61

1901 Total daily trading volume on the New York Stock Exchange exceeds 2 million for the first time, as 2,471,258 shares change hands.

1792 The US mint was established in the nation’s capital, then Philadelphia.


April 3

1999 Priceline.com, which had gone public at $16 a share exactly one month earlier, closes the day at $162.375 — giving the tiny Internet company a one-month return of 914.8% and a total market value of $23 billion.

1986 U.S. national debt hits $2,000,000,000,000

1925 Great Britain goes back to gold standard

1901 Total daily trading volume on the New York Stock Exchange exceeds 3 million for the first time, as 3,075,089 shares change hands — just one day after volume broke the 2-million mark for the first time.


April 4

2001 NASDAQ finishes the day at 1638.80, down 67.5% since its record high of 5048.62 just over one year earlier

1973 World Trade Center towers open

1972 1st electric power plant fueled by garbage begins operating

1902 British financier Cecil Rhodes leaves $10 million in his will to provide scholarships at Oxford University

1896 The discovery of gold in the Yukon is reported; gold rush begins

1877 First regular telephone line goes into service


April 5

1992 Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton dies at age 74

1987 Fox Broadcasting Co. makes prime-time TV debut

1976 Billionaire Howard Hughes dies at age 72

1923 Firestone puts inflatable tires into production

1814 Netherlands Bank issues its 1st banknotes

1768 1st U.S. Chamber of Commerce forms (New York City)


April 6

1998 Dow Jones industrial average closes above 9,000 points for the first time

1980 Post It Notes introduced

1954 TV dinner is 1st put on sale by Swanson and Sons

1912 Electric starter first appears in cars

1909 First credit union forms in US

1808 New York based American Fur company incorporates

1776 Continental Congress opens American ports to international trade with any part of the world not under British rule


April 7

1986 Home-computing pioneer Sir Clive Sinclair sells marketing and merchandising rights to his inventions for £5m to computing rival Amstrad

1947 Henry Ford, the founder of Ford Motor Company, dies at age of 83

1902 Texas Oil Company (Texaco) is formed

1827 The first matches are sold


April 8

2009 Somali pirates hijack the U.S.-flagged Maersk Alabama

1997 Microsoft Corp releases Internet Explorer 4.0

1952 President Truman places steel plants in Youngstown, Ohio under his control as the city’s steelworkers prepare to go out on strike

1942 U.S. War Production Board orders a halt to all production not deemed necessary to the war

1935 U.S. Congress enacts legislation creating the Works Progress Administration

1861 U.S. Mint at Dahlonega, Georgia seized by Confederacy

1766 1st fire escape patented


April 9

2001 American Airlines’ parent company acquired bankrupt Trans World Airlines

1991 Microsoft releases MS DOS 5.0

1967 1st Boeing 737 rolls out

1872 Samuel R. Percy patents dried milk

1833 First tax-supported public library is founded

1792 Pennsylvania state legislature passes a law incorporating the Philadelphia and Lancaster Turnpike Co., the first major transportation stock in the U.S.

1720 Earliest known discussion of securities analysis is published in The London Flying-Post


April 10

2012 The American company Apple, Inc. announces it is worth over $600 billion dollars, making the technology company the largest in the world by market capitalization

1991 Last automat (coin operated cafeteria) closes (3rd and 42nd St, New York City)

1989 Intel corp announces shipment of 80-486 chip

1930 Synthetic rubber 1st produced

1849 Safety pin patented by Walter Hunt (New York City); sold rights for $100

1790 U.S. Patent system forms


April 11

1990 New York Lotto pays $35 million to two winners (#s are 6-14-24-32-34-51)

1980 The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission issues regulations prohibiting sexual harassment of workers by supervisors

1921 Iowa becomes the first state to impose a cigarette tax

1891 Telephone link between London and Paris begins operating


April 12

2009 American cargo ship captain Richard Phillips is rescued from Somali pirates by U.S. Navy snipers

1992 Euro-Disney opens near Paris

1990 Greyhound Bus hires new drivers to replace those on strike

1987 Texaco files for bankruptcy

1908 Fire in Chelsea, MA threatens Standard Oil refinery, killing an estimated 97 people

1903 Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist and winner of Nobel Prize is born

1888 Cecil Kimber, founder of British sports car company MG, is born

1861 Civil War begins as Confederate forces fire on Fort Sumter


April 13

1992 American Airlines reduces 1st-class fares 20%-50%

1992 Crystal Pepsi begins test marketing

1976 Federal Reserve begins issuing $2 bicentennial notes

1966 Pan Am places $525,000,000 order for 25 Boeing 747s

1934 4.7 million U.S. families report receiving welfare payments

1869 Steam power brake patented

1860 1st Pony Express reaches Sacramento, California


April 14

1983 First cordless telephone, capable of operating up to 600 feet from base, is introduced

1956 Ampex Corp. demonstrates its first commercial videotape recorder

1944 Cargo ship Fort Stikine explodes in Bombay, India, killing 1,300 people and injuring another 3,000

1912 British liner Titanic collides with an iceberg in the North Atlantic

1902 J C Penney opens his 1st store

1818 Webster’s American Dictionary of the English Language is printed


April 15

2008 Delta Air Lines Inc. and Northwest Airlines Corp. announce merger

1998 NYSE implements “circuit-breaker” rules, mandating trading halts when the market drops at least 10%

1997 America On Line, begins service in Japan

1992 Billionaire Leona Helmsly is sent to jail for tax evasion

1957 Congress gives Post Office $41M; restoring Saturday mail delivery

1954 Under a new provision of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code, April 15th becomes due date for individual tax returns

1892 General Electric Company, forms and is incorporated in New York

1793 Bank of England issues first five pound notes


April 16

1991 The Warsaw Stock Exchange reopens for trading, after decades of closure under Communist rule.

1962 Brazil nationalizes U.S. businesses

1956 1st solar powered radios go on sale

1900 U.S. Post Office issues 1st books of postage stamps

1867 Wilbur Wright is born in Millville, Ind.


April 17

2013 An explosion at a fertilizer plant in the city of West, Texas, causes 15 deaths and major damage to nearby buildings, residences, a nursing home and middle school

1991 Dow Jones closes above 3,000 for 1st time (3,004.46)

1991 Railroad workers go on strike in U.S.

1986 IBM produces 1st megabit-chip

1964 Ford Mustang formally introduced ($2368 base)


April 18

1990 Bankruptcy court forces Frank Lorenzo to give up Eastern Airlines

1980 The NYSE admits its first female specialist, Amy Newkirk, as a member

1968 178,000 employees of U.S. Bell Telephone System go on strike

1934 First washateria opens in Fort Worth

1924 1st crossword puzzle book published

1906 Earthquake in San Francisco estimated at 8.0 on Richter scale kills hundreds and causes $500 million in damages


April 19

1995 Truck bomb exploded outside the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City

1991 Greyhound Bus posts $195 million loss for 1990

1965 1st all news radio station (WINS 1010 AM in New York City) begins operating

1965 The outer Astrodome ceiling is painted for $20,000

1948 ABC-TV network begins

1941 Milk rationed in Holland

1933 The United States gets off the gold standard

1919 French assembly decides on 8 hour work day


April 20

2010 Planes return to the air in Germany, France and Italy after being grounded by volcanic ash clouds

1992 Madonna signs $60-million deal with Time Warner

1983 Pres. Ronald Reagan signs into law the Social Security Amendments of 1983, delaying cost-of-living adjustments and making 50% of Social Security benefits taxable

1948 New York City increases subway fare from 5 cents to 10 cents

1894 136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase

1720 Sir Isaac Newton sells his 7,000 pounds’ worth of South Sea Co. stock


April 21

1989 George W. Bush and Edward W. Rose become CEOs of Texas Rangers

1987 Dow Jones soars 664.7; 2nd biggest one-day gain in history

1982 Futures contracts on the S&P 500 index become available for first time

1962 US Bell Telephone Company introduces radio paging

1948 First Polaroid camera is sold in US

1892 Black Longshoremen strike for higher wages in St. Louis

1862 U.S. Mint established in Denver


April 22

2010 The Deepwater Horizon drilling rig that exploded off the coast of Louisiana two days ago, sinks; the wreck is leading crude oil and diesel at an alarming rate

1970 1st Earth Day held internationally to conserve natural resources

1969 1st human eye transplant performed

1966 U.S.S.R. performs underground nuclear test

1823 Baltic Club (Exchange) forms in London


April 23

2005 The first video was uploaded to YouTube.com.

1992 McDonald’s opened its first restaurant in Beijing.

1988 Federal smoking ban during domestic airline flights of 2 hours or less

1987 Chrysler Corporation purchases Nuova Automobili F. Lamborghini,

1985 Coca-Cola Co. announced it was changing its secret formula for Coke

1952 Oil pipeline from Kirkuk to Banias completed


April 24

1990 West and East Germany agree to merge currency and economies on July 1st

1981 IBM-PC computer introduced

1888 Eastman Kodak forms

1833 Patent granted for 1st soda fountain

1704 “Boston News-Letter,” 1st successful newspaper in U.S., forms


April 25

1961 Robert Noyce patents integrated circuit

1954 Bell labs announces 1st solar battery

1931 Pynchon & Co., one of the Wall Street’s largest and most prestigious brokerage firms, goes bust, with $40 million in liabilities — the biggest failure of a brokerage yet on record.

1926 The era of “talkies” begins, as AT&T, Western Electric and Bell Labs announce that they have developed a device to provide “perfect automatic music for movies.”


April 26

2009 Chrysler and the United Auto Workers (UAW) union reach a tentative deal that meets government requirements

1995 Baseball season finally begins after lengthy strike

1986 Chernobyl nuclear disaster

1983 Dow Jones breaks 1,200 for 1st time

1973 Chicago Board Options Exchange opens for trading

1941 Potatoes rationed in Holland


April 27

2010 U.S. Senate investigates Goldman Sachs

2006 Construction begins on a 1,776-foot building at World Trade Center site in New York City

1992 Russia and 12 other former Soviet republics win entry into the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank

1976 Arab Monetary Fund established in Abu Dhabi

1888 Oil company, Esso, is established in London

1773 British Parliament passes the Tea Act


April 28

2004 Comcast abandons $54 billion hostile takeover bid for Walt Disney

2003 Apple Computer, Inc launches iTunes store

2001 First space tourist, billionaire Dennis Tito, blasts off

1989 Argentina runs out of money (mint runs out of paper and printers are on strike)

1937 1st commercial flight across Pacific, Pan Am

1855 1st veterinary college in U.S. incorporated in Boston


April 29

2004 Oldsmobile comes off the assembly line at the Lansing Car Assembly plant in Michigan

1961 ABC’s “Wide World of Sports, debuts

1901 Total daily trading volume on the NYSE exceeds 2 million for first time (2,471,258)

1852 1st edition of Peter Roget’s Thesaurus published

1813 Rubber is patented


April 30

2010 The Deepwater Horizon oil spill reaches the Louisiana Coast; weather is projected to impede cleanup efforts

1997 Big Ben stops at 12:11 PM for 54 minutes

1976 Royal Canadian Mint opens a branch in Winnipeg Manitoba

1939 NBC/RCA 1st public TV demo with Franklin D. Roosevelt at opening of New York World’s Fair

1772 John Clais patents 1st scale


May 1

1981 Radio Shack releases Model III TRSDOS 1.3

1957 U.S. gives Poland credit of $95 million

1941 General Mills introduces Cheerios

1935 Canada’s 1st silver dollar is circulated

1884 Construction begins on Chicago 1st skyscraper (10 stories)


May 2

2010 EU and IMF present Greece with 120 billion Euro bailout package

2001 Former chairmen of the world’s two largest auction houses, Sotheby’s and Christies, are charged with overcharging its customers

1923 The first non-stop flight across the US, lasting 27 hours, was made from Long Island to San Diego

1918 General Motors Corporation acquires Chevrolet Motor Company

1878 U.S. stops minting 20 cent coin

1670 The Hudson Bay Co. is chartered by England’s King Charles II


May 3

2000 London Stock Exchange and Germany’s Deutsche Boerse confirm merger

1999 Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 11,000 for the first time

1997 Garry Kasparov begins chess match with IBM supercomputer Deep Blue

1992 Exxon executive, Sidney Reso is murdered

1944 Meat rationing ends in U.S.

1921 West Virginia imposes first state sales tax

1802 Washington, D.C. incorporates


May 4

1942 Food 1st rationed in U.S.

1932 Al Capone, convict of income tax evasion, enters Atlanta Penitentiary

1923 New York state revokes Prohibition law

1886 Bomb explodes during labor demonstration for eight-hour workday in Chicago

1626 Dutch explorer Peter Minuit lands on what is now Manhattan


May 5

2002 Spider-Man is first movie to top $100 million in opening weekend

1979 Masterpiece Radio Theater begins broadcasting

1942 U.S. begins rationing sugar during WW II

1936 Edward Ravenscroft patents screw-on bottle cap with a pour lip

1893 Panic hits the New York Stock Exchange

1850 The National Bank of Belgium is founded as a public limited-liability company


May 6

1994 Chunnel linking England and France officially opens

1991 AT&T and NCR Corp agree to a $7.4 billion takeover deal

1986 NASDAQ Composite Index closes above 300 for first time (301.64)

1937 Hindenburg airship explodes while arriving in Lakehurst, NJ

1929 Luxembourg Stock Exchange opens for trading


May 7

2005 The Huffington Post weblog makes it’s debut

1984 $180m out-of-court settlement reached in Agent Orange suit

1982 IBM releases PC-DOS version 1.1

1946 Akio Morita and Masaru Ibuka co-found Tokyo Tsushin Kogyo, or Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering Corp. The company is later named Sony Corp.

1927 San Francisco Municipal Airport (Mills Field) dedicated


May 8

2011 A near riot breaks out at the Beijing Apple Store as the Apple iPad2 goes on sale in the People’s Republic of China

1979 Radio Shack releases TRSDOS 2.3

1962 London trolley buses go out of service

1952 Mad Magazine debuts

1886 In Atlanta, Dr. John S. Pemberton sells the first glass of Coca-Cola, his new “tonic” beverage.


May 9

2010 Somali pirates seize a German-owned tanker, MS Marida Marguerite

1966 1st black member of Federal Reserve Board serves (A F Brimmer)

1899 Lawn mower patented

1859 Thirteenth and Fifteenth Streets Passenger Railway goes public on the Philadelphia Stock Exchange


May 10

1980 Secretary of the Treasury G. William Miller announces approval of $1.5 billion in federal loan guarantees for Chrysler Corp

1965 Warren Buffett takes control of Berkshire Hathaway Inc.

1954 Texas Instruments announces that it has perfected a silicon transistor at a resale cost of just $2.50

1877 First phone installed in White House (Pres. Hayes)

1869 First transcontinental railroad completed with nailing of golden spike


May 11

1997 Deep Blue IBM computer defeats Garry Kasparov to win a six-game chess match

1989 Kenya announces worldwide ban on ivory to preserve its elephant herds

1947 BF Goodrich announces development of tubeless tire

1894 Workers at the Pullman Palace Car Co. go on strike

1861 New York Stock Exchange bans all trading in Confederate stocks and bonds

1752 1st U.S. fire insurance policy issued in Philadelphia


May 12

1995 Dow Jones sets record for 5th straight day of the week (4430.59)

1949 The Soviet Union lifts its eleven-month blockade against West Berlin

1932 Goofy, aka Dippy Dawg, 1st appears in ‘Mickey’s Revue’ by Walt Disney

1902 140,000 members of the United Mine Workers go on strike

1817 Warsaw Stock Exchange opens for trading in Warsaw, Poland


May 13

2003 US Government unveils new version of $20 bill – first to be colorized in an effort to thwart counterfeiters

1991 Apple releases Macintosh System 7.0

1986 Home Shopping Network goes public, selling 2 million shares at an initial offering price of $18

1980 Douglas Fraser, president of the United Automobile Workers (UAW), is appointed to Chrysler’s board of directors

1927 “Black Friday” on Berlin Stock Exchange


May 14

1998 Last episode of Seinfeld on NBC, commercials are $2 million each

1997 Amazon.com, Inc. goes public on the NASDAQ, offering 3 million shares at an initial price of $18 per share.

1990 Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,821.53

1987 Colt revolver (Peacemaker) of 1873 sells for $242,000

1973 Gold hits record $102.50 an ounce in London

1969 Last Chevrolet Corsair built

1878 Vaseline is 1st sold

1845 Utrecht-Arnhem Railway opens


May 15

1997 ABC News and Starwave Corp launch ABCNEWS.com

1993 Alamodome in San Antonio, Texas opens

1990 Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,822.45

1942 Gasoline 1st rationed in U.S. (17 Eastern States)

1940 1st nylon stockings sold in U.S.

1878 The Tokyo Stock Exchange Co., Ltd., is established, primarily to trade bonds.


May 16

2005 Sony’s PlayStation 3 makes debut at E3 trade show

1965 Spaghetti-O’s 1st sold

1964 Motown gets first #1 hit – “My Guy” by Mary Wells

1952 British parliament votes in favor of equal pay for women

1949 Tokyo Stock Exchange reopens after World War II

1930 Geophysical Service Inc. (now Texas Instruments) is founded


May 17

2007 World Bank President Paul Wolfowitz announces resignation following controversy over his handling of a pay package for his girlfriend

1961 Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 700 for the first time (705.52)

1792 The New York Stock Exchange is founded by brokers meeting under a tree on what is now Wall Street

1769 George Washington brings package of non-importation resolutions before the Virginia House of Burgesses to protest “taxation without representation”


May 18

1967 Silver hits record $1.60 an ounce in London

1933 Tennessee Valley Authority is created

1927 Ritz Hotel opens in Boston

1851 Amsterdam-Nieuwediep telegraph connection linked

1830 Edwin Budding of England signs agreement for manufacture of his invention, lawn mower


May 19

2003 WorldCom Inc. agrees to pay investors $500 million to settle civil fraud charges

1993 Dow Jones closes above 3,500 for 1st time (3,500.03)

1989 Dow Jones Avg passes 2,500 mark for 1st time (2501.1)

1976 Gold ownership legalized in Australia

1960 Belgian parliament requires rest day for self employed

1896 1st auto (Benz) to arrive in Netherlands

1885 1st mass production of shoes (Jan Matzeliger in Lynn, Massachusetts)

1848 1st department store opens

1749 King George II grants the Ohio Company several hundred thousand acres around the forks of the Ohio River


May 20

1985 Dow Jones industrial avg closes above 1300 for 1st time

1913 William R. Hewlett, co-founder of Hewlett-Packard Co., is born in Ann Arbor, Mich.

1892 George Sampson patents clothes dryer

1873 Levi Strauss and Jacob Davis receive patent for blue jeans

1862 President Lincoln signs Homestead Act, which was designed to grant public land to small farmers at low cost

1830 D. Hyde patents fountain pen


May 21

1992 New Jersey senate overrides Governor Florio’s veto and lowers sales tax to 6%

1990 Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,844.68

1927 Charles Lindbergh completes the first transatlantic flight in Paris, 33 1/2 hours after taking off from Roosevelt Field on New York’s Long Island.


May 22

2011 Jimmy Choo, a U.S. company, is sold to Labelux, a private equity firm for $800 million

1990 Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,852.23

1990 Microsoft releases Windows 3.0

1961 1st revolving restaurant (Top Of The Needle in Seattle), opens

1906 Wright Brothers patent the aeroplane


May 23

2003 Congress sends President Bush a $330 billion package of tax cuts

1995 Sun Microsystems launches Java

1990 Dow Jones hits a record 2,856.26

1937 Industrialist John D. Rockefeller dies at age 97

1934 Wallace Carothers manufactures 1st nylon (polymer 66)

1922 Walt Disney incorporates his 1st film company, Laugh-O-Gram Films

1887 The French crown jewels go on sale and raise six million francs


May 24

1973 Stock Exchange of Singapore is founded

1958 United Press International is formed through merger of the United Press and the International News Service

1954 German airline Lufthansa forms

1937 Supreme Court upholds the constitutionality of Social Security benefits

1883 The Brooklyn Bridge opens to traffic

1844 Samuel F.B. Morse inaugurates the world’s first commercial telegraph line

1626 Peter Minuet buys Manhattan from Native Americans for trinkets valued at $24


May 25

2006 Former Enron execs Kenneth Lay and Jeffrey Skilling were convicted of conspiracy and fraud

1982 The electronics firm, Philips, introduces Laservision – laserdiscs and player unit

1961 President Kennedy pledges to put man on the moon, requesting $1.7B to be added to the federal budget


May 26

1978 First legal casino in the eastern United States opens in Atlantic City, N.J.

1927 Henry Ford stops producing Model T (begins Model A)

1908 first major oil strike in the Middle East takes place as engineers hit a gusher in Masjid-i-Suleiman (present-day Iran)

1896 Dow Jones Industrial Average is first published – the average price of the 11 initial stocks was 40.94


May 27

1969 Walt Disney World construction begins

1961 1st black light is sold

1937 The Golden Gate Bridge connecting San Francisco and Marin County, Calif., opens

1933 FDR signs Securities Act of 1933, requiring issuers of stocks and bonds to publish a prospectus disclosing risks, conflicts of interest, and ownership positions

1930 Richard Drew invents masking tape

1919 Charles Strite patents pop-up toaster

1794 Cornelius Vanderbilt is born on farm in Staten Island, N.Y.


May 28

2003 President Bush signs 10-year, $350 billion package of tax cuts

1986 U.S. Court of Appeals upholds conviction of Wall Street Journal writer R. Foster Winans for securities fraud

1962 U.S. Stock market drops $20.8 billion in 1 day

1937 Germany forms state-owned automobile company, known as Gesellschaft zur Vorbereitung des Deutschen Volkswagens mbH, later renamed Volkswagenwerk (The People’s Car Company)

1929 1st all color talking picture “On With the Show” is exhibited (New York City)

1928 Dodge Brothers Inc. and Chrysler Corp. merge


May 29

1990 Space Shuttle Discovery completes the first docking with the International Space Station.

1990 Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,870.49

1989 Signing of an agreement Egypt – U.S. manufacturing parts of the fighter F-16 in Egypt.

1978 1st class postage now 15 cents (13 cents for 3 years)

1919 Charles Strite patents pop-up toaster


May 30

1990 Dow Jones avg hits a record 2,878.56

1987 North American Philips Company unveils compact disc video

1498 Columbus departs with 6 ships for 3rd trip to America


May 31

1985 New Orleans Saints are sold for $70,204,000

1977 Trans Alaska oil pipeline completed

1974 1st money-market mutual fund with check-writing privileges (Fidelity Daily Income Trust) opens for business

1929 Ford Motor Company signs agreement to produce cars in the Soviet Union

1907 Taxis 1st began running in New York City


June 1

2009 General Motors becomes the largest U.S. industrial company to enter bankruptcy protection

1990 Dow Jones hits a record high of 2,900.97

1980 CNN debuts

1969 Tobacco advertising is banned on Canadian radio and TV

1934 Nissan Motor Company is founded


June 2

1987 President Reagan announces nomination of economist Alan Greenspan to succeed Paul Volcker as chairman of the Federal Reserve Board

1985 RJ Reynolds Company proposed merger with Nabisco

1928 Velveeta Cheese created by Kraft

1896 Guglielmo Marconi patents the radio

1851 Maine becomes first state to enact a law prohibiting alcohol

1844 Charles Goodyear patents his vulcanized rubber process


June 3

1996 Alabama jury slaps General Motors with $150 million in punitive damages for the Chevy Blazer’s “substandard” latch

1968 Canada announces it will replace silver with nickel in coins

1957 U.S. Supreme Court rules against Du Pont in General Motors suit

1952 New York Stock Exchange completes its first nationwide survey of stock ownership, 4% of population own common stock

1929 1st trade show at Atlantic City Convention Center


June 4

1990 Greyhound Bus files for bankruptcy

1977 Apple II, the 1st personal computer, goes on sale

1968 The Standard & Poor’s 500-stock index closes above 100 for first time

1957 1st commercial coal pipeline placed in operation

1953 Woodcock, Hess & Co. of Philadelphia becomes first firm that is a member of the NYSE to incorporate

1907 Automatic washer and dryer introduced

1896 Henry Ford makes successful test run of horseless carriage, called quadricycle


June 5

1937 Henry Ford initiates 32 hour work week

1933 Gold standard abolished

1907 Automatic washer and dryer are introduced

1875 Pacific Stock Exchange formally opens


June 6

2005 Apple Computer announces they will switch to Intel processors in 2006

1971 Gold hits record $60 an ounce in London

1934 The Securities and Exchange Commission was established

1933 The first drive-in movie theater opens

1932 U.S. Federal gas tax enacted

1925 Walter Percy Chrysler founds Chrysler Corp

1907 Persil, the first household detergent, is marketed


June 7

2000 Federal judge orders breakup of Microsoft Corp

1962 Switzerland welcomes its first drive-through bank

1955 CBS unveils The $64,000 Question

1860 1st US “dime novel” published


June 8

1988 Nippon Airways announces that painting eyeballs on Jets cut bird collisions by 20%

1953 Supreme Court rules that restaurants in D.C. could not refuse service because of race

1936 1st parking meters are invented

1872 Congress endorses penny post card

1824 Washing machine patented by Noah Cushing of Quebec

1786 Commercially made ice cream 1st advertised


June 9

1978 Gutenberg Bible sells for $2.4 million, London

1960 ABC and AFL sign a 5 year contract

1949 Mrs. Georgia Neese Clark of Kansas becomes 1st woman treasurer of U.S.

1943 Federal income tax withholding is implemented for the first time

1883 1st commercial electric railway line begins operation in Chicago


June 10

1997 The Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 7,500 for first time

1996 Intel releases 200 mhz pentium chip

1990 Burger King begins using Newman’s Own Salad Dressing

1985 Coca Cola announces they’re bringing back their 99-year-old formula

1977 Apple Computer ships its 1st Apple II

1917 Limburgse mine workers strike

1848 1st telegraph link between New York City and Chicago

1847 Chicago Tribune begins publishing

1846 Robert Thomson obtains an English patent on a rubber tire

1752 Benjamin Franklin collects a electric charge in leyden jar while flying a kite during a thunderstorm

1652 In Boston, John Hull opens the 1st mint in America


June 11

1991 Microsoft releases MS DOS 5.0

1975 1st oil pumped from North Sea oilfield

1971 U.S. ends ban on China trade

1955 1st magnesium jet airplane flies

1947 WW II sugar rationing finally ends in U.S., began May 28, 1942

1942 United States and Soviet Union sign lend lease agreement to aid the Soviet war effort in World War II

1859 Comstock silver load discovered near Virginia City, Nevada

1793 1st American stove patent is granted to Robert Haeterick


June 12

1997 Queen Elizabeth II reopens the Globe Theatre in London.

1994 The Boeing 777, the world’s largest twinjet, makes its first flight.

1928 After more than 130 years of trading, the New York Stock Exchange finally has its first day on which more than 5 million shares trade hands, as total daily volume hits 5,252,425 shares.


June 13

1994 Jury in Anchorage blames recklessness by Exxon and Capt. Joseph Hazelwood for the Exxon Valdez disaster, allowing victims of oil spill to seek $15 billion in damages

1991 New York Stock Exchange begins after-hours trading for the first time

1879 Sears executive Robert Wood is born


June 14

1989 Ground breaking begins in Minnesota on world’s largest mall

1951 The U.S. Census Bureau finally fires up its UNIVAC I, the world’s first commercial electronic computer

1946 Donald Trump is born in New York

1942 Walt Disney’s “Bambi” animated movie is released

1941 Ground breaking for Boeing Plant II (ex-AFLC Plant 13) Wichita, Kansas

1919 1st nonstop air crossing of Atlantic (Alcock and Brown)

1876 California Street Cable Car Railroad Co gets its franchise


June 15

2006 Bill Gates says he’ll transition from day-to-day responsibilities at Microsoft to concentrate on charitable work of Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

1995 NASDAQ Composite Index closes above 900 for the first time (902.68)

1954 Great Britain’s 2 largest steel factory is nationalized

1924 Ford Motor Company manufactures 10 millionth Model T

1915 U.S. government mints 1st $50 gold pieces, for Panama Pacific Expo

1911 Tabulating Machine Co. merges with Computing Scale Co. of America and International Time Recording Co. to form Computing-Tabulating-Recording Co., the ancestor of IBM

1910 U.S. Post Office inspectors raid headquarters of United Wireless Telegraph Co., arresting its president and VP on charges of manipulating stock price through mail fraud

1844 Charles Goodyear receives patent for process to strengthen rubber


June 16

2000 Federal regulators approve merger of Bell Atlantic and GTE Corp., creating the nation’s largest local phone company, Verizon

1998 Jury tosses lawsuit filed against Compaq and subsidiary Digital Equipment Corp. (DEC) by nine people claiming that DEC’s keyboards had caused them “repetitive stress injuries”

1941 1st U.S. federally owned airport opened Washington D.C.

1933 FDR opens New Deal recovery program, signing bank, rail, and industry bills and initiating farm aid

1903 Ford Motor Company is incorporated in Detroit

1884 First roller coaster in America opens at Coney Island


June 17

2005 Two former Tyco executives are convicted of looting their company of more than $600 million

1988 Microsoft releases MS DOS 4.0

1947 Pan Am Airways chartered as 1st worldwide passenger airline

1930 President Hoover signs Smoot-Hawley Tariff in hopes of preserving the domestic market for American-made goods

1863 Travelers Insurance Co of Hartford chartered


June 18

1998 Internet stocks get boost as Walt Disney Co. agrees to buy 43% of Infoseek Co. for $550 million cash

1983 Amgen Inc. goes public on NASDAQ, selling 2.35 million shares at an initial price of $18

1982 ABC’s All Talk radio network expands to 22 stations

1968 Supreme Court bans racial discrimination in sale and rental of housing

1923 First Checker Cab rolls off the line at the Checker Cab Manufacturing Company in Kalamazoo, Michigan


June 19

2011 The 2011 Paris Air Show features the international debut of the new Boeing 747-8

1981 India’s APPLE satellite, 1st to be stabilized on 3 axes, launched

1970 The Patent Cooperation Treaty is signed.

1969 The New York Stock Exchange has to close each Wednesday so that clerks can process trades, appropriates the unprecedented sum of $7.5 million to upgrade its computer systems.


June 20

1977 Oil flows in Alaska

1963 United States and Soviet Union will establish a “hot line”

1941 Ford signs first contract with autoworkers’ union

1819 The 32-ton Savannah became the first steamship to cross the Atlantic

1782 Congress adopts the Great Seal of the United States


June 21

2004 Michael Melvill pilots the first privately developed spacecraft, SpaceShipOne, into space.

1894 Workers in Pittsburgh strike Pullman sleeping car company

1834 Cyrus Hall McCormick received a patent for his reaping machine

1788 U.S. Constitution ratified


June 22

1988 Dell Computer Corp. goes public on NASDAQ at an initial price of $8.50 per share

1979 MB Associates opens three home-improvement outlets, beginning chain of what is now known as Home Depot

1832 John Howe patents pin manufacturing machine

1775 Congress authorizes first issuance of paper bills of credit to aid the Revolution


June 23

1997 Dow Jones drops 192.25 pts

1996 Nintendo 64 goes on sale in Japan

1993 U.N. authorizes worldwide oil embargo against Haiti

1868 Christopher Latham Sholes received patent for the type-writer

1810 Pacific Fur Company is established


June 24

1998 AT&T buys Tele-Communications Inc. for $31.7 billion

1997 NYSE begins quoting share prices in 1/16ths, nicknamed “steenths” or “teenies”

1963 1st demonstration of home video recorder, at BBC Studios, London

1951 Persian army takes over nationalized oil installations

1939 Pan Am’s 1st U.S. to England flight

1817 1st coffee planted in Hawaii on Kona coast


June 25

1974 Texas Instruments receives U.S. Patent No. 3,819,921 for its hand-held aluminum calculator.

1953 1st passenger to fly commercially around the world < 100 hours

1951 The first commercial color telecast took place as CBS transmitted a one-hour special from New York to four other cities.

1867 1st barbed wire patented by Lucien B Smith of Ohio


June 26

1981 Gail M. Pankey becomes the first African-American female member of the New York Stock Exchange.

1848 1st pure food law enacted in U.S.

1498 Toothbrush invented


June 27

2008 Bill Gates resigns from Microsoft to focus on his charity work

2002 Leaders of the world’s richest nations meeting at the G8 summit in Canada have agreed to promote economic and political development in Africa

1994 N.Y. Daily news increases prices to 50 cents

1967 The world’s first ATM is installed in Enfield Town, England, United Kingdom

1893 The New York stock market crashed

1867 Bank of California opens doors


June 28

1995 The first Internet software company goes public as Spyglass, Inc.

1953 Workers at Chevrolet plant in Flint, Michigan, assemble first Corvette

1939 Pan American Airways begins the world’s first regularly scheduled transatlantic passenger service

1902 U.S. buys concession to build Panama canal from French for $40 million

1894 U.S. Congress passes a bill that called for the regular observance of Labor Day


June 29

2009 Financier Bernard Madoff receives 150-year sentence for multibillion-dollar fraud

2007 The Apple iPhone goes on sale

1979 Wall Street Journal editors replace Chrysler with IBM on Dow Jones Industrial Average

1927 1st flight from West Coast arrives in Hawaii

1916 Boeing aircraft flies for 1st time

1863 1st First National Bank opens in Davenport, Iowa

1767 British pass Townshend Revenue Act levying taxes on America


June 30

1998 Sega Channel, cable’s 1st on-demand video game service, closes down

1992 1st pay bathrooms in U.S. open: 25 cents, New York City

1960 U.S. stops sugar import from Cuba

1953 1st Corvette completed

1948 Transistor as a substitute for Radio tubes announced, Bell Labs

1942 U.S. Mint in New Orleans ceases operation

1936 “Gone With the Wind” published

1938 William McChesney Martin is elected the NYSE’s first paid, independent president

1893 Excelsior diamond (blue-white 995 carats) discovered


July 1

2005 Ford produces last Thunderbird

1990 German Democratic Republic accepts Deutsche Mark as its currency

1987 Geoffrey Collier receives first conviction for insider dealing since it became illegal

1974 1st Laura Ashley-store in U.S. opens in San Francisco

1966 The Medicare federal insurance program goes into effect

1943 “Pay-as-you-go” income tax withholding begins

1941 first TV commercial to be sanctioned by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is broadcast

1932 New York newspaper Evening Standard goes bankrupt

1916 Coca-Cola adopts its distinctive contoured bottle

1874 1st Chamber accept law against child labor

1858 The first Canadian coins are minted (1¢, 5¢, 10¢ and 20¢)

1847 1st U.S. postage stamps go on sale, 5 cents Franklin and 10 cents Washington, New York City


July 2

2011 Due to a range of safety concerns, all Tiger Airways flights in Australia are grounded until July 9th by the country’s Civil Aviation Safety Authority

1992 Braniff Airlines goes out of business

1992 Charles Schwab opens its “mutual fund supermarket,” allowing investors to choose from hundreds of different funds without paying transaction fees.

1969 At 4:17 p.m. (Eastern Daylight Time), Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins land their Eagle lunar module in the Sea of Tranquility on the surface of the moon.

1869 The New York Stock Exchange is formed from the merger of the New York Stock & Exchange Board with the Open Board and the Government Board

1864 The U.S. Congress passes the law that authorizes creation of the Northern Pacific Railroad, the second great belt of steel track to cross the continent.


July 3

2011 The Swiss Government blocks 27 million Swiss francs worth of assets belonging to senior Syrian officials

2010 A fuel tanker overturns and explodes in South Kivu province of the Democratic Republic of Congo, killing over 230 people and injuring

1991 The Shenzhen Stock Exchange, after a six-month trial run, officially opens for trading as China’s second stock market.

1992 Milton Friedman is born in Brooklyn to Ethel Landau Friedman, a storekeeper, and Jeno Saul Friedman, who dealt in “unsuccessful ‘jobbing’ ventures.”

1863 Henry Ford, pioneer of the U.S. auto industry, is born on his family’s farm in Greenfield Township, Mich.


July 5

1995 The U.S. Justice Department decided not to take antitrust action against Ticketmaster.

1991 A worldwide financial scandal erupted as regulators in eight countries shut down the Bank of Credit and Commerce International.

1935 U.S. President Roosevelt signed the National Labor Relations Act into law. The act authorized labor to organize for the purpose of collective bargaining.

1892 Andrew Beard is issued a patent for the rotary engine.

1865 William Booth founded the Salvation Army in London.


July 6

1983 Supreme Court rules retirement plans can’t pay women less

1963 South African workers’ union leader Billy Nair arrested

1922 Dutch auto/airplane manufacturer Trompenburg declares bankruptcy

1886 Horlick’s of Wisconsin offers 1st malted milk to public

1785 Congress declares that “the money unit of the United States of America be one dollar”


July 7

1986 Supreme Court struck down Gramm-Rudman deficit-reduction law

1981 1st solar-powered aircraft, Solar Challenger, crosses English Channel

1930 Construction begins on Boulder Dam

1891 Travelers checks patents

1647 People’s uprising against high prices and Spanish rule in Naples


July 8

2007 Boeing launches its newest aircraft, the Boeing 787 Dreamliner

2004 Adelphia Communications Corp. founder John Rigas and his son Timothy are convicted in New York of looting deceiving investors

1963 U.S. bans all monetary transactions with Cuba

1946 Baseball sets minimum salary at $5,000

1932 Depression low point of Dow Jones Industrial Average, 41.22

1889 Vol. I, No. 1, the first issue of The Wall Street Journal, is published by Charles Henry Dow, Edward Davis Jones and Charles M. Bergstresser

1839 American oilman John D. Rockefeller is born in Richford, NY


July 9

1999 S&P 500 closes above 1400 for the first time (1403.28)

1996 Senate approves 90 cents raise to increase minimum wage to $4.25

1955 Strike in Belgium for 5 day work week

1875 Bombay Stock Exchange is founded in Bombay (now Mumbai), India

1819 Elias Howe, inventor of foot powered sewing machine, is born

1815 1st natural gas well in U.S. is discovered


July 10

1991 Borland International Inc. creates a “software powerhouse” by buying Ashton-Tate Corp. for $440 million.

1985 Coca-Cola Co announces it will resume selling old formula Coke

1976 Chemical factory in Milan explodes (dioxane cloud)

1958 1st parking meter installed in England (625 installed)

1938 “Yankee Clipper” completes 1st passenger flight over Atlantic

1866 Indelible pencil patents by Edson P Clark, Northampton, Mass


July 11

1988  Mike Tyson hires Donald Trump as an advisor

1962  1st transatlantic TV transmission via satellite (Telstar I)

1919  Dutch 2nd chamber approves 8-hour day/No Sunday work

1916  President Woodrow Wilson signs Federal Aid Road Act

1892  U.S. Patent Office says J. W. Swan, rather than Thomas Edison, invented the electric light carbon for the incandescent lamp


July 12

1996 Michael Jordan signs a NBA contract for 1 year for $25 million

1943 Women are allowed on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange for the first time

1933 Congress passes 1st minimum wage law (33 cents per hour)

1859 Paper bag manufacturing machine patented by William Goodale

1730 Josiah Wedgwood, designer of one of the world’s first assembly lines and developer of the division of labor, is born


July 13

1977 New York City, amidst a period of financial and social turmoil experiences a blackout lasting nearly 24 hours that leads to widespread fires and looting.

1923 The Hollywood Sign is officially dedicated in the hills above Hollywood, Los Angeles. It originally reads “Hollywoodland ” but the four last letters are dropped after renovation in 1949.

1919 The British airship R34 lands in Norfolk, England, completing the first airship return journey across the Atlantic in 182 hours of flight.

1898 Guglielmo Marconi patents radio

1866 Construction begins on Fort Phil Kearny

1836 U.S. patent #1 (after 9,957 unnumbered patents), for locomotive wheels


July 14

1995 Brand-new MP3 format was given its name and its familiar “.mp3” file extension

1987 Greyhound Bus buys Trailways Bus for $80 million

1951 1st color telecast of a sporting event (CBS-horse race)

1891 John T. Smith patents cork board

1867 At a quarry in England, Alfred Nobel carries out first demonstration of dynamite

1864 Gold is discovered in Helena, Montana

1784 Earliest known advertisement by an American broker (Joshua Eaton)


July 15

2003 AOL Time Warner disbands Netscape Communications Corporation. The Mozilla Foundation is established on the same day.

1996 MSNBC begins Microsoft internet-NBC TV

1959 The steel strike of 1959 begins, leading to significant importation of foreign steel for the first time in United States history.

1954 First flight of the Boeing 367-80, prototype for both the Boeing 707 and C-135 series

1952 1st transatlantic helicopter flight begins

1903 For Motor Company takes its first order


July 16

1997 Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 8,000 for the first time

1987 British Caledonian (BCal) and British Airways (BA), the two largest airlines in the UK, merge in a deal worth £237m

1956 Detroit Tigers and Briggs Stadium sells for record $5.5 million

1935 Carlton Magee’s invention, the parking meter, is introduced in Oklahoma City

1867 Joseph Monier patents reinforced concrete

1661 1st banknotes in Europe are issued by Bank of Stockholm


July 17

1995 Forbes Mag announces Bill Gates is the richest man in world, worth$12.9 billion dollars

1987 Dow Jones closes above 2,500 (2,510.04) for 1st time

1897 1st ship arrives in Seattle carrying gold from Yukon

1879 1st railroad opens in Hawaii

1861 Congress authorizes paper money


July 18

2011 Gold prices close above $1,600 at $12.30 an ounce in New York

1979 Gold hits record $303.85 an ounce in London

1967 Silver hits record $1.87 an ounce in New York

1955 1st electric power generated from atomic energy sold commercially

1947 World’s tallest structure, 646-m Polish radio mast, completed

1948 Juan Manuel Fangio makes Formula One debut

1940 1st successful helicopter flight, Stratford, Connecticut


July 19

1990 Pete Rose is sentenced to five months in prison for tax evasion

1990 Accident at BASF plant in Cincinnati, 1 person dies

1967 1st air conditioned New York City subway car

1961 1st in-flight movie shown, TWA

1939 1st use of fiberglass sutures, R P Scholz, St. Louis, Missouri

1899 National Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, forms


July 20

2000 Vietnam opens its stock exchange, the Ho Chi Minh City Securities Trading Center

1992 Charles Schwab opens its “mutual fund supermarket,” as it introduces its OneSource program

1940 Billboard publishes its 1st singles record chart (#1 is “I’ll Never Smile Again” by Tommy Dorsey)

1894 2000 federal troops recalled from Chicago, after end of Pullman strike

1889 Birth in Scotland of Sir John (Charles Walsham) Reith, who would become the first General Manager of the BBC


July 21

1989 Eastern Airlines submits a reorganization plan to creditors

1978 U.S. Postal Service and unions agree on a contract, averting mail strike

1933 Dow Jones drops 7.8% to 88.71 as Wall Street argues implications of New Deal

1904 Trans-Siberian railway is completed after 13 years (4,607-miles)


July 22

1999 U.S. Securities & Exchange Commission cracks down on the offering of so-called “free stock” over the Internet

1960 Cuba nationalizes all U.S. owned sugar factories

1942 Gasoline rationing using coupons begins

1934 Death of bank robber John Dillinger

1729 Diamonds found in Minas Geras, Brazil


July 23

2007 Honda produces 6 millionth Civic in North America

1989 FOX-TV tops ABC, NBC and CBS for 1st time, America’s Most Wanted

1904 Ice cream cone invented

1903 Ford Motor sells 1st Model A car

1880 1st commercial hydroelectric power planet begins operations

1829 William Austin Burt of Mount Vernon, MI, receives patent for typographer, predecessor of the typewriter


July 24

2011 BP announces plans to begin drilling for oil off the coast of Libya

2005 Lance Armstrong retires after winning his 7th straight Tours de France

1975 Apollo 18 returns to Earth

1935 1st greeting telegram sent in Britain

1651 Anthony Johnson, a free black, receives grant of 250 acres in Va


July 25

1983 1st non-human primate, baboon, conceived in a lab dish, San Antonio

1983 Washington Public Power Supply System defaulted $2.25 billion

1962 House passes bill requiring equal pay for equal work regardless of sex

1953 New York City transit fare rises from 10 cents to 15 cents, 1st use of subway tokens


July 26

2000 Judge approves $1.25 billion settlement between Swiss banks and more than a half million plaintiffs alleging the banks had hoarded money deposited by Holocaust victims

1941 FDR seizes Japanese assets in the U.S. in retaliation for Japanese occupation of French Indo-China

1931 Swarm of grasshoppers destroys millions of acres of crops in the Midwest

1881 Thomas Edison files a U.S. Patent application (No. 479,184) for facsimile telegraph

1786 Earliest known U.S. stock and bond tables are published in Massachusetts


July 27

1993 NBC TV awarded 1996 Olympic coverage for $456 million

1988 Radio Shack announces Tandy 1000 SL computer

1971 Merrill Lynch & Co. goes public, becoming the first New York Stock Exchange firm to do its own initial public offering on the NYSE

1965 President Johnson signs bill requiring cigarette makers to print health warnings on cigarette packages

1940 Bugs Bunny makes debut in Warner Bros. animated cartoon “A Wild Hare”

1880 A P Abourne patents a process for refining coconut oil

1866 Cyrus W. Field succeeds in laying first underwater telegraph cable between North America and Europe

1694 Bank of England opens in London to print currency and manage the national debt


July 28

1998 Bell Atlantic and GTE announced a $52 billion merger that created Verizon

1978 Price of gold tops $200/oz level for 1st time

1977 Oil through the TransAlaska Pipeline System first reaches Valdez, Alaska

1971 Wells Fargo launches the world’s first stock-index fund

1945 Plane crashes into the Empire State Building because of heavy fog

1943 End of coffee rationing in U.S.


July 29

1988 FDIC bails out 1st Republic Bank, Dallas, with $4 billion

1958 NASA created

1952 1st nonstop transpacific flight by a jet

1949 BBC radio begins broadcasting

1914 Transcontinental telephone service begins with first phone conversation between New York and San Francisco

1909 General Motors acquires Cadillac Automobile Company for $4.5 million

1858 1st commercial treaty between U.S. and Japan signed

1715 10 Spanish treasure galleons sinks off Florida coast by hurricane


July 30

1990 5 Bank of Credit and Commerce members found guilty of money

1971 Apollo program: Apollo 15 Mission – David Scott and James Irwin on the Apollo Lunar Module module Falcon land on the Moon with the first Lunar Rover.

1962 The Trans-Canada Highway, the largest national highway in the world, is officially opened.

1863 Henry Ford, pioneer of the U.S. auto industry, is born on his family’s farm in Greenfield Township, Mich.


July 31

1932 George Washington quarter goes into circulation

1912 Milton Friedman is born in Brooklyn.

1865 The first narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Queensland, Australia.

1790 The first U.S. patent is issued, to inventor Samuel Hopkins for a potash process.


August 1

2007 First drive-through ATM opens in China

1995 Westinghouse purchases CBS-TV network

1990 Stanton Cook becomes CEO of Chicago Cubs

1981 MTV makes its maiden broadcast at 12:01 a.m.

1968 Canada begins replacing silver with nickel in coins

1961 Texans head for the thrills at Six Flags Over Texas


August 2

2007 Mattel recalls nearly a million Chinese-made toys from its Fisher-Price division that are found to have excessive amounts of lead

1987 Luis Reina is the first matador to enter bullring with advertising on his suit (advertisement was for Japanese electronics firm, Akai)

1972 Gold hits record $70 an ounce in London

1902 1st Lincoln head pennies minted


August 3

1984 Total trading volume on the New York Stock Exchange exceeds 200 million for the first time, as 236,565,110 shares change hands

1977 Tandy Corp. introduces one of the earliest affordable personal computers, the TRS-80

1949 National Basketball Association forms

1921 First aerial crop-dusting

1914 First ships travel through the Panama Canal


August 4

1990 European community proposes a boycott of Iraq

1988 Hertz car rental will pay out $23 million in consumer fraud case

1987 Federal Communications Commission votes to rescind the Fairness Doctrine, which required radio and TV stations to present balanced coverage of controversial issues

1986 OPEC lowers oil production 20%

1956 Indonesia refuses to pay debts to the Netherlands

1930 Michael J. Cullen opens America’s first supermarket with opening of the first King Kullen store


August 5

1997 The Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 becomes Federal law, creating the Roth IRA

1981 Federal government begins firing over 11,000 striking air-traffic controllers

1975 Stevie Wonder signs $13M contract with Motown

1944 Polish insurgents liberate a German forced-labor camp in Warsaw

1891 First modern traveler’s check is cashed (American Express)

1861 Federal government levies an income tax for the first time


August 6

2010 Russia’s worst drought in history prompts Prime Minister Vladimir Putin to temporarily ban the export of flour and wheat

1997 Microsoft announces it will invest $150 million in Apple Computer Inc

1990 U.N. Security Council votes 13-0 to place economic sanctions against Iraq

1957 The Nikkei 225 stock index surpasses the level of the Dow Jones Industrial Average (which closes at 494.13) for the first time.


August 7

1983 Some 675,000 employees strike at AT&T

1970 First computer chess tournament

1953 Eastern Airlines enters jet age, uses Electra prop-jet

1940 Largest amount paid for a stamp ($45,000 for 1 cent 1856 British Guiana)

1909 U.S. issues first Lincoln penny


August 8

2011 Standard &: Poor’s rating agency downgrades U.S. sovereign debt; the downgrade is the first in the history of the United States

2011 Stock markets in Asia, Australia and the United States fall after the U.S. loses it’s AAA credit rating

1876 Thomas Edison receives a patent for his mimeograph.

1896 The Dow Jones Industrial Average, less than three months old, hits the lowest level ever recorded: 28.48, down 30.5% in just ten weeks.


August 9

2000 Bridgestone/Firestone Inc. announces recall of 6.5 million model ATX, ATX II and Wilderness AT tires

1995 Netscape Communications Corp. goes public, issuing its IPO on the NASDAQ at initial price of $28 per share

1910 U.S. Patent Office grants Alva J. Fisher of the Hurley Machine Co. a patent for electrically powered washing machine

1831 1st U.S. steam engine train runs (Albany to Schenectady, New York)


August 10

1997 Atlanta Braves sign Greg Maddux to record 5 year, $575 Million deal

1985 Michael Jackson buys ATV Music (every Beatle song) for $47 million

1937 G.D. Beauchamp is awarded patent #2,089.171 for electric guitar

1897 Young German chemist at Bayer, Felix Hoffman, synthesizes a stable form of acetylsalicylic acid later named “aspirin.”

1846 English scientist James Smithson, bequeaths $500,000 used to charter the Smithsonian Institution


August 11

2002 US Airways files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection

1998 British Petroleum purchases Amoco for $49 billion

1992 Mall of America, the biggest shopping mall in the country, opens in Bloomington, MN.

1987 Senate confirms Alan Greenspan as Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board

1914 John Bray patents animation

1885 $100,000 raised in U.S. for pedestal for Statue of Liberty


August 12

1998 Swiss banks agree to pay $1.25 billion as restitution to Holocaust survivors to settle claims for their assets

1991 Creditors vote to support Greyhound Bus reorganization plan

1981 IBM introduces PC and PC-DOS version 1.0

1960 Echo 1, 1st communications satellite, is launched

1955 President Eisenhower raises minimum wage from 75 cents to $1 an hour

1920 Charles Ponzi is arrested for financial fraud in Boston

1908 The first ‘Tin Lizzie’, or Ford Model T, was made, replacing the Model A

1896 Gold discovered at Klondike River at Dawson

1851 Isaac Singer is granted a patent on his sewing machine


August 13

2010 The German economy reports 2.2 percent quarterly growth, the fastest quarterly growth in over 20 years

1996 Microsoft releases Internet Explorer 3.0

1981 Pres. Ronald Reagan signs into law the Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981, the biggest tax cut in American history

1889 William Gray patents coin-operated telephone


August 14

1990 Denver vote for a 1% sales tax to pay for a baseball franchise

1974 Congress authorizes U.S. citizens to own gold

1935 Social Security Act becomes law

1885 Japan’s first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint.

1848 Oregon Territory is organized by act of Congress.


August 15

1997 Dows drops 247.37 pts

1971 President Nixon completes the break from the gold standard by ending convertibility of the U.S. dollar into gold by foreign investors

1914 The Panama Canal opens to traffic with the transit of the cargo ship             Ancon

1899 Henry Ford leaves Edison to start automobile company


August 16

1955 Fiat Motors orders 1st private atomic reactor

1954 Sports Illustrated is first published by Time Inc.

1948 Israeli pound becomes legal tender

1904 New York City begins building Grand Central Station


August 17

1998 Russia devalues the ruble

1987 Dow Jones Industrial Average closes above 2,700 for 1st time (2,700.57)

1961 Building of Berlin Wall begins

1897 W B Purvis patents electric railway switch

1896 Gold is discovered in Alaska (Klondike Gold Rush)

1891 Electric self-starter for automobile patented


August 18

1989 Biggest takeover deal in British football – Manchester United is sold for £20m

1983 Hurricane causes more than $1 billion in damage to Texas coast

1982 New York Stock Exchange exceeds 100 million shares for the first time, with 132,681,120 shares changing hands.

1937 1st FM radio construction permit issued, W1X0J (WGTR) in Boston MA

1930 Eastern Airlines begins passenger service

1872 1st mail-order catalog issued by A. M. Ward


August 19

2005 Jury finds pharmaceutical giant Merck & Co. liable for death of a man who’d taken painkiller Vioxx

2004 Google goes public, initially priced at $85

1993 Dow Jones hits record high of 3612.13

1993 Mattel and Fisher Price toys merge

1906 Philo Farnsworth, inventor of first fully-functional all electronic television, is born in Utah

1883 Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel is born

1876 Orville Wright is born in Dayton, Ohio


August 20

1991 Dan Marino surpasses Joe Montana as the highest paid NFL player with a 5-year extension for $25 million

1982 Dow Jones finishes the week up 10.3%

1964 President Lyndon B. Johnson signs a nearly $1 billion anti-poverty measure

1932 FDR presents nine-point plan for economic recovery as he begins campaign

1896 Dial telephone patented

1597 1st Dutch East India Company ships returned from Far East


August 21

1999 A record price (in dollars unadjusted for inflation) is paid for a membership seat on the New York Stock Exchange: $2.65 million

1996 Netscape Browser 3.0 is released

1993 NASA loses contact with Mars Observer

1975 U.S. lightens trade embargo against Cuba

1967 Liquid gas tanker explodes in Martelange Belgium, 22 killed


August 22

2007 The Storm botnet, a botnet created by the Storm Worm, sends out a record 57 million e-mails in one day

1962 The NS Savannah, the world’s first nuclear-powered cargo ship, completes its maiden voyage.

1932 – The BBC first experiments with television broadcasting.

1926 – Gold is discovered in Johannesburg, South Africa.

1902 – Cadillac Motor Company is founded.


August 23

1999 A NYSE seat changes hands for record price of $2.65 million

1993 Dow Jones index reaches record high of 3,638.96 points

1976 Vanguard launches First Index Investment Trust (Vanguard 500 Index Fund), now the world’s largest mutual fun

1940 FDR signs the Investment Company Act of 1940, reducing the potential for conflicts of interest

1904 Harold D. Weed is issued U.S. patent for “Grip-Tread for Pneumatic Tires,” a non-skid tire chain used for better traction on slick roads

1890 Brazil’s central securities market, is founded


August 24

1995 Windows 95 debuts

1969 Peru nationalizes U.S. oil interests

1909 Railroad giant Edward H. Harriman (Union Pacific and Northern Pacific) dies

1909 Workers start pouring concrete for Panama Canal

1891 Thomas Edison patents motion picture camera

1853 1st potato chips prepared by Chef George Crum (Saratoga Springs New York)


August 25

1997 The tobacco industry agrees to $11.3 billion settlement with state of Florida

1987 Dow Jones industrial stock average reaches record 2722.42

1950 President Truman orders the Army to seize control of the nation’s railroads to avert a strike

1837 Henry William Crawford, of London, patented the production process for galvanized iron


August 26

1980 A 1,500-pound bomb is discovered in a Nevada Casino with $3 million ransom note

1955 British Motor Corporation (BMC) launches its newest car, the Mark I Mini

1946 George Orwell publishes “Animal Farm”

1935 Public Utility Holding Company Act becomes Federal law, breaking up the intricately financed utility “pyramids”

1919 Coca-Cola Co. successfully sells shares to outsiders for first time

1910 Major league baseball is televised for first time


August 27

1985 20th Space Shuttle Mission (51-I)-Discovery 6-launched

1966 Sir Francis Chichester begins 1st solo ocean voyage around the world

1955 Guinness Book of World Records 1st published


August 28

2010 Microsoft cofounder, Paul Allen’s company Interval Licensing LLC, files a patent infringement suit against Google, Apple, eBay, Facebook and others

1991 Collapse of the Soviet Union

1922 WEAF in New York City airs 1st radio commercia, Queensboro Realty, $100 for 10 minutes

1845 The first issue of Scientific American magazine is published.


August 29

2008 Bill Gates resigns from Microsoft to focus on his charity work

1994 N.Y. Daily News increases prices to 50 cents

1898 The Goodyear tire company is founded

1876 Charles F. Kettering, inventor of electric self-starter, is born

1867 Bank of California opens doors


August 30

1980 Striking Polish workers win in battle with Communist rulers for right to independent trade unions and the right to strike

1930 Warren Buffet, the world’s 3rd richest man, is born

1901 Hubert Booth of Scotland patents vacuum cleaner, which he invented by reversing the action of a dust blowing machine

1881 German Clement Ader patents first stereo system for a telephonic broadcasting service

1860 Birkenhead Street Railway begins operating Britain’s first trams


August 31

2009 Walt Disney Co. announces acquisition of Marvel Entertainment for $4 billion

1976 Mexican peso is devalued

1955 First solar powered car is demonstrated by William Cobb

1900 Coca-Cola is first sold in Britain


September 1

1998 Air bags become mandatory in a all cars and light trucks sold in the U.S.

1995 Infinity Radio agrees to voluntarily pay $1.7 million to U.S. Treasury

1977 1st TRS-80 Model I computer sold

1901 Construction begins on New York Stock Exchange

1878 1st female telephone operator starts work (Emma Nutt in Boston)

1862 Federal tax levied on tobacco


September 2

2009 Bomb explodes outside Athens’ stock exchange

2009 Pfizer agrees to pay a record $2.3 billion settlement for illegal drug promotion

1987 Philips introduces the video disc, called CD-video, which combines digital sound with high-definition video

1969 First ATM makes public debut

1959 Ford introduces compact, fuel efficient Falcon

1789 U.S. Treasury Department is established

1666 Great Fire of London breaks out, destroying nearly 400 acres


September 3

2007 Millionaire adventurer Steve Fossett vanishes after taking off in a single-engine plane in western Nevada

1985 NYSE moves opening of the trading day from 10 a.m. to 9:30 a.m.

1958 S&P 500 closes above 50 for the first time (50.06)

1929 Dow Jones industrial average closed at 381.17, its pre-crash high

1882 First hydroelectric power plant goes into service in Appleton, WI


September 4

1998 Google is founded by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, two students at Stanford University.

1994 Kansai International airport officially opens.

1957 The Ford Motor Co. introduces the Edsel.

1882 Thomas Alva Edison opens the Pearl Street Station, the first central generating system, making electric lighting and power possible in New York City–and the world.


September 5

1979 Canada puts its 1st gold bullion coin on sale

1958 1st color video recording on magnetic tape

1885 1st gasoline pump is delivered to a gasoline dealer (Ft. Wayne, Ind)


September 6

1984 Today Show begins live remote telecasts from Moscow

1952 Canada’s first television station, CBFT-TV, opens in Montreal

1905 Atlanta Life Insurance Company forms

1899 Carnation processes its 1st can of evaporated milk

1819 Thomas Blanchard patents lathe


September 7

2008 Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac are placed in government conservatorship

1979 ESPN makes its cable debut

1977 The Panama Canal treaties, calling for the U.S. to turn over control of the waterway, are signed in Washington, D.C.

1950 Tokyo Stock Exchange begins calculating its share-price index—which in 1970 becomes the Nikkei 225 average

1876 Bank robbery by James-Younger gang fails


September 8

2000 French protest Europe’s high fuel prices

1986 Nissan opens first European manufacturing plant

1930 Minnesota Mining & Manufacturing Co. sends out first shipment of Scotch Tape

1916 U.S. Congress enacts Revenue Act of 1916, creating federal estate tax

1883 Northern Pacific Railroad completed

1810 Pacific Fur Company’s first ship leaves for Oregon3


September 9

1999 9/9/1999, both the beginning of the Y2K bug and the official debut of the Dreamcast.

1947 First actual case of a computer bug being found: a moth lodges in a relay of a Harvard Mark II computer at Harvard University.

1940 George Stibitz pioneers the first remote operation of a computer.

1926 The U.S. National Broadcasting Company is formed.

1839 John Herschel takes the first glass plate photograph.


September 10

1997 Discovery buys Travel Channel for $20 million

1963 American Express opens a credit card service in Britain

1953 Swanson sells it’s 1st “TV dinner”

1846 Elias Howe patents the sewing machine

1831 Madrid stock exchange is established

1711 South Sea Company is chartered in London to trade with Latin America, sell annuities and manage the public debt


September 11

1988 The savings-and-loan crisis worsens as Financial Corp. of America, parent of the country’s second-largest savings & loan company, files for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection.

1986 Dow Jones Industrial Avg suffered biggest 1-day decline ever, plummeting 86.61 points to 1,792.89. 237.57 million shares traded

1959 Congress passes a bill authorizing food stamps for poor Americans

1883 James Cutler patents postal mail chute

1789 Alexander Hamilton is nominated, confirmed and sworn in as the nation’s first

Secretary of the Treasury.


September 12

2005 Hong Kong Disneyland opens

2002 Tyco execs indicted

1970 1st Concorde lands at Heathrow airport

1958 Jack Kilby demonstrates the first integrated circuit

1836 The New York Stock Exchange prohibits its members from trading in the streets outside. But open-air trading persists under the nickname of “the Curb,” which ultimately becomes the American Stock Exchange.


September 13

1996 Dow finishes above 5800 for the first time (5838.52)

1989 Computer error gives Citibank customers £2 billion over a period of 30 minutes

1982 Forbes publishes its first “rich list” of the 400 wealthiest people in America

1977 General Motors introduces 1st U.S. diesel auto (Oldsmobile 88)

1970 IBM announces System 370 computer

1857 Maker of Hershey Bars, Milton Snaveley Hershey, is born


September 14

2005 Delta Air Lines and Northwest Airlines filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection

1994 Commissioner Bud Selig announces cancellation of the rest of the baseball season on the 34th day of players’ strike

1886 George K Anderson of Memphis, Tennessee patents typewriter ribbon


September 15

2008 Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. filed for bankruptcy protection, the largest in U.S. history

2000 Fuel protests in the UK come to an end

1997 Edison International purchases Anaheim Stadium naming rights for $50M

1973 Dutch Guilder devalued by 5%


September 16

1997 Apple Computer Inc names co-founder Steve Jobs temporary CEO

1992 FCC votes to allow competition for local phone service

1992 Black Wednesday: the Pound Sterling is forced out of the European Exchange Rate Mechanism by currency speculators and is forced to devalue against the German mark.

1908 The General Motors Corporation is founded.


September 17

2001 Wall Street trading resumes after 9-11 attacks, losing 684.81 points, worst one-day point drop

1998 Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan tells Congress that there are no plans for coordinated global interest-rate cuts, Dow drops 2.67%

1964 Beatles are paid a then record $150,000 for a concert (Kansas)

1960 Cuba nationalizes all U.S. banks in Cuba

1931 RCA-Victor demonstrates the first 33 rpm long-playing records in New York


September 18

1926 The Great Miami Hurricane smashes into Florida with 138-mph winds, killing 243 people and, in a single devastating stroke, ending the speculative Florida land boom.

1873 Jay Cooke & Co. of Philadelphia, one of the nation’s largest investment banks, collapses as a result of failed speculations in railroad stocks–triggering the Panic of 1873.

1830 Horse beats 1st U.S. made locomotive (near Baltimore)

1789 1st loan is made to pay salaries of the presidents and Congress


September 19

2010 The leaking oil well in the Deepwater Horizon oil spill is sealed.

1974 U.S. Secretary of the Treasury William E. Simon predicts that interest rates, then around 8%, will soon fall. The Dow leaps 3.4% on the good news. Over the next seven years, interest rates proceed to double.

1876 The carpet sweeper was patented by the American Melville Bissell.

1873 Black Friday: Jay Cooke and Co fails, causing a securities panic

1778 The Continental Congress passes the first budget of the United States.


September 20

1976 Sid Bernstein offers $230 million charity concert for Beatle reunion

1931 Devaluation sets in as Britain comes off the gold standard to prevent foreign speculation against the pound

1873 Panic sweeps the New York Stock Exchange in wake of railroad bond defaults and bank failures

1851 Pres. Fillmore signs Federal Land-Grant Act, giving federally owned land to railroad companies


September 21

2001 Congress approves $15 billion to help ailing airline industry after 9/11

2000 Intel Corp. loses $91 billion in market value in after hours trading

1970 “NFL Monday Night Football” debuts on ABC

1895 1st auto manufacturer opens – Duryea Motor Wagon Company

1784 First edition of first successful U.S. daily newspaper, The Pennsylvania Packet and General Advertiser


September 22

1991 ABN and AMRO Dutch banks merge

1988 Canada begins production of a $5 silver Maple Leaf bullion coin

1987 NFL players go on strike for 24 days

1955 Commercial TV begins in England

1919 The steel strike of 1919, led by the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel Workers, begins in Pennsylvania before spreading across the United States.